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Enhancing Year Four Primary Pupils’ Sentence Construction Skills Using PowerPuzz with Quizizz
Thomas Mason Lim Beng Ann, Darrel Wong Lee Sze, Melor Md. Yunus
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
ABSTRACT - The teaching of English as a second language had been given strong emphasis in the Malaysia Education Blueprint (2013-2025) and the main goal of the government is to produce pupils who are able to master all English skills in order to comprehend English for information and enjoyment. The innovation in this research, PowerPuzz, is a cost-effective, practical, and efficient tool which is proven capable in developing the correct form of sentence construction skills among Year Four primary pupils. PowerPuzz is an interactive PowerPoint which involves the digital use of puzzles to help pupils recognise the S-V-O pattern and form better construction of sentences while writing. The research respondents comprised of 40 Year Four primary pupils from national and national-type urban primary schools located in Limbang and Bintulu, Sarawak. PowerPuzz is not only applicable specifically for Year 4 primary pupils, but also effective for any remedial learners who face the same problem. Learners are later enriched with quizzes using an online learning platform called Quizizz, for continuous development through engagement in social learning. The instruments for the study consisted of a pre-test, post-test, questionnaire, and observation checklist. The results of the study were analysed descriptively and showed that the use of PowerPuzz was effective in helping Year Four primary pupils develop the correct usage of S-V-O, S-V-C, S-V-C, and S-V-O-C in constructing sentences. The respondents showed major improvements in their sentence construction skills as well as their 4C’s (cooperation and collaboration, communication, creative and critical thinking skills) and 1V (value), in accordance with the current 21st century learning era. This is a good indicator that PowerPuzz has high potential in helping low-proficiency level ESL learners to write better.
Key Words: PowerPuzz; education; interactive PowerPoint; writing; primary pupils
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NoSA (No Smoking App) as an Innovative Application for Educating and Monitoring to Create an Indonesia’s Healthy Young Generation
Richca Nur Aina, Alamanda Rahmatika, Andika Prastika, Nana Mardiana, Yayuk Fatmawati
University of Jember, Indonesia
ABSTRACT - Smoking is a bad habit that can endanger health. Several conditions caused by smoking habits are lung cancer, heart attacks, impotence, and interruption of pregnancy. Nowadays, smokers are not only adults but also some of the teenagers. The high number of teenage smokers in Indonesia has increased every year. According to the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTC) survey in 2019, 19.2% of teenage students are smokers. 20% of all junior high school students in Indonesia aged 13-15 have smoked and more than 30% of Indonesian children started smoking before 10 years old. Teenager’s life should be filled by various positive activities so that it is beneficial for themselves and their surroundings. The government has made numerous policies to reduce the number of teenage smokers in Indonesia, but they have not been making any difference. We are concerned and innovated to develop an application for education and to reduce the number of teenage smokers, especially in Indonesia. In this paper, we use a literature study to analyze the role of parents looking after their children and some effective way to help teenage smokers free themselves from cigarettes. Based on that situation, we added some key features. The key features of this application are not only smoking control and education about smoking but also games and parent surveillance to their child. Some reasons why we added those features are because games sound interesting around teenagers. We also decided to add parent surveillance because parents have a big role in controlling their children’s attitudes and habits, furthermore they can help their child to say no to smoking. Our final objective of this application is to make Indonesia’s younger generation smoke-free.
Key Words: Education, innovative application, smoking, teenager
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Get Your Articles Right!
Dhaayaaliny Pasupathy, Nurrul Aqilah Ismail
Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
ABSTRACT - The title of our innovation is “Get Your Articles Right!” which focuses on the word class ‘ Articles’ and uses Nearpod as the medium of knowledge distribution. ‘ Articles’ is one of the word classes that pupils need to master before they leave primary school. It is highlighted in both Sekolah Kebangsaan (SK) and Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (SJK)’s textbooks. Year 6 pupils with low proficiency level will usually face difficulties in using articles accurately especially when they need to answer exam-related questions. They tend to encounter difficulties in identifying the correct article that they need to use before a noun. In addition, pupils also usually face difficulties in using articles correctly due to the lack of practice in their daily conversation. Our innovation, “Get Your Articles Right!” will help pupils to use Nearpod (application) in an attempt to familiarise themselves with the constant use of article correctly. We have incorporated Vygotsky’s Theory in our innovation to ensure pupils will receive enough scaffolding from our innovation and will eventually master ‘articles’. This innovation allows the pupils to practise their article with the help of clues (scaffolding) while integrating the fun element which will create a non- threatening and stress-free atmosphere for the pupils. “Get Your Articles Right!” will equip the pupils with enough articles-related knowledge so that they will be able to answer exam questions such as Questions 21-25 in Paper 1 and Questions A-C in Paper 2. By mastering these articles, the probability of the pupils excelling UPSR will become higher which will aid the pupils to step into secondary school without any problems.
Keywords : articles, Nearpo
What’s the story? : Using WhatsApp Story to Enhance Writing Skills.
Siti Sarah Musthaffa Kamal1, Noor Iylia Abu Bakar1, Sashikala Sarangapani1 & Melor Md Yunus1
Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
ABSTRACT - For many English as a Second Language (ESL) students, it is a great challenge to learn, communicate and write in English. In this 21st century, the development and innovation of current technology such as WhatsApp can offer new possibilities for the teaching and learning the English language. It is evident the media wields great power over the populace as it can educate and influence the public. Social media also plays a similar role in our current society. There has been much research on how social media applications such as WhatsApp can become an academic tool in improving communication skills, second language acquisition skills and writing skills. The Constructivist Theory by Vygotsky states that learners construct knowledge and its meaning from the interaction and communication between human ideas and experiences. This also means collaborative learning takes place which is a social activity among the learners to gain experience and build knowledge together. The younger generation, in particular Generation Z, are really conversant with WhatsApp as they have been exposed to it from a young age. Thus, using WhatsApp as a tool to enhance students’ language skills is one of the best approaches for teachers to engage with the lessons. In addition, it is also convenient to interact and share their work since everyone is well versed with it. Even though the English language is widely used in Malaysia, many students still lack some of the basic skills such as writing. Learners are not really confident to write as they are afraid to make mistakes. As a result, many have low self esteem when it comes to writing. 30 year 5 pupils from a Chinese National Type Primary School in Gopeng, Perak were chosen as participants. The group was comprised of students with mixed abilities ranging from low to intermediate level. It is a suburban school where 98% of the pupils are Chinese and 2% are other races. This paper aims to discuss the effectiveness of using WhatsApp in enhancing writing skills among year 5 pupils in SJKC in Gopeng. The purpose of the platform is to start sharing work while a learner is still in the learning space. We are looking into incorporating social media plugins that enable sharing and interaction. This is beneficial to the learners as it demonstrates the learning process that develops with the help of social media. WhatsApp helps to reflect on their learning process and prepares them to interact confidently. In today’s world it is crucial to train learners to be active in social platforms for educational purposes.
Key Words: Whatsapp, Social Media, Primary School, ESL
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Green Retrofit: The Potential of Reducing the Knowledge Gaps of Building Professionals and Homebuyers
Siti Aishah Ramli1, Julitta Yunus1,2, Mohd Tajul Izrin Mohd Tajul Hasnan1, Sabarinah Sheikh Ahmad1, Padzil@Fadzil Hassan1,
1Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam,
2Center for Islamic, Philanthropy and Social Finance, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Melaka
ABSTRACT - The number of building stocks has escalated rapidly and inevitably influence Malaysia's attempt to embarking climate change and global warming issues. Whereas, the exposure and growing numbers of green buildings in Malaysia has shown a rather increasing movement, nevertheless, they cannot counter the impacts of existing building stocks on the environment. Since existing building stocks play a major part in affecting the environment, hence several issues related to sustainability need to be addressed. Refurbishment works in existing building are becoming a trend in Malaysian housing landscape as the effort would be to reduce energy consumption and increase comfort. As the initiatives on green retrofit are highlighted by the government and implemented by the building professionals, there are still people with zero knowledge of the approach. Plus, the understanding and awareness towards sustainable housing are relatively poor among homebuyers. The consideration in buying a house mostly lingers around a newly built house. i.e. under-construction house where the location mostly is not matured yet. As a consequence, what will happen to the aging housing stocks? Established at a promising location with the right initiative and appropriate course of action, building refurbishment can be a new strategy for homebuyers. It is now the prime time to bring about the attention to an alternative of a more sustainable way of living which starts from the home itself. The objectives of this research are to increase awareness and to assist the targeted users to seek for suitable refurbished houses. Thus, lessening the gap between users and professionals in obtaining a greener built environment initiative. This will unlock to a more sustainable approach in the construction industry and will indirectly contribute to the government’s drive in achieving sustainable development goals. Nevertheless, it provides more access to information on sustainable refurbishment houses in terms of performance, safety, and affordability. Conclusively, this research introduces a clear guideline to the people with zero knowledge on sustainable refurbishment house and serve a range of choices for the users based on their demands and preferences. The targeted users should be of young couples or small families with kids who have the intention to search for a sustainable house. The platform will provide knowledge on the subject, guide them throughout the process of selecting a house, and assist in finding the right consultant.
Key Words: sustainable refurbishment, green retrofitting, challenges to retrofit.
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A hybrid DEA-PROMETHEE II Method: A Complete Ranking of DMUs
Nor Faradilah Mahad1, PM Dr Nur Azlina Abdul Aziz1, Farah Azaliney Mohd Amin1 & Dr Jamilah Mohd Mahyideen2
1Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences
2Faculty of Business and Management
Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Seremban, Persiaran Seremban Tiga/1, Seremban 3, 70300, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan
ABSTRACT - Efficiency evaluation of organisation is an important aspect of strategic management. The top management must know the level of their organisation’s efficiency to figure out necessary changes and adjustments, if any. This is to ensure the organisation remains competitive. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is a methodology that has been developed to measure the efficiency of a set decision making units (DMUs). The most significant advantage of DEA approach is its ability to handle multiple inputs and outputs. Nevertheless, classical DEA has some drawbacks. One drawback of DEA is poor discrimination power in which DEA produces a solution that recognizes many DMUs as efficient units. Ranking DMUs and choosing the most efficient unit is important for decision makers. However, classical DEA can only classify DMUs as efficient and inefficient units. Since all efficient units have the same efficiency score of unity, it is not possible to do a complete ranking among these units. Thus, this study integrates PROMETHEE II into classical DEA to rank the DMUs completely. PROMETHEE II is a Multi-Attribute Decision Making method that is based on a mutual comparison of each alternative pair with respect to each of the selected criteria allowing the rankings of the alternatives from the best to the worst. PROMETHEE II is suitable for this study since this method can provide the complete ranking of the DMUs. The objectives of this study are to measure efficiency and provide a complete ranking of DMUs under study. Unlike the previous studies that integrated DEA and PROMETHEE II to reduce the number of efficient DMUs, the proposed method for the current study retains the number of efficient units and yet can fully rank the efficient units. This is the novelty of this study. This information helps these organisations in managing their resources more efficiently. The efficient DMUs can be regarded as the model for the other units for benchmarking purposes. The inefficient DMUs can emulate the best practice of efficient DMUs to attain a higher level of efficiency.
Key Words: DEA, PROMETHEE II, ranking, efficiency & Decision Making Units.
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CONCEPT MAPPING - INFORMATIVE LOCAL GOVERNMENT NOTES FOR REVISION PURPOSE
Suzei Mat Nurudin1 Nor Suhaiza Md Khalid2 Dr. Zarina Mohd Zain3
Universiti Teknologi MARA,
Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Seremban, Malaysia
ABSTRACT - The local government or also known as the local authority is the third tier and most important unit in the government's administrative structure in Malaysia after the federal and the state government. Local government is fully responsible for the delivery of services as well as the provision of basic facilities to the local resident within its administrative area that has been designated by the state government. The existence of local government acted as a facilitator on behalf of the federal government and the state government because the roles and responsibilities performed by the local government covers extensive scope and essential to the nation's development. This study focused on students' learning aids needed to understand the local government subject offered to Faculty of Administrative Science and Policy Studies (FSPPP) students. With the creation of Concept Mapping - Informative Local Government Notes for Revision Purpose, helps students to better understand the local government system in Malaysia. Concept Mapping - Informative Local Government Notes for Revision Purpose is an interactive revision notes. It is designed to deliver essential information concerning local government governance using designated concept and attractive colorful design information to aid student’s comprehension.
Keywords: local government, concept map, administration, facilitator and government
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Read It My Way: Short Story Empowered
Dora Raki, Sarina Sani and Melor Md Yunus
Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
ABSTRACT - In Malaysia, the upper primary school pupils used the short story as one of the core elements of language art learning. However, students are grappling with books that consist of lengthy words and visually unappealing physical books. In order to understand all the words in the book, students are thoroughly committed to the dictionary. Thereby it leads to difficulties in understanding and lack of English proficiency. Moreover, reading in L2 seems endlessly a sluggish and laborious method of decoding, which often results in poor understanding and low self-esteem. As technology progressed quickly, the thrill of reading books slowly transitions to a monotonous task encountered by students at home or in the classroom. One in-trend tool in education recently is through visual aids and gamified-learning. Hence, this powerpoint material is used to resolve the dullness that traditional storybooks seem to offer for engaging reading and understanding among the pupils and to assist teacher in their teaching. A number of 42 pupils of Year Six in primary schools participated through purposive sampling and a survey of questionnaire was given out. The key findings showed that pupils found the powerpoint kit to be useful during reading as it increases their interest, classroom participation, motivation and comprehension. It proved that pupils appreciate teachers who use interactive powerpoint as it integrates elements of visual aids and interactive media into their reading sessions in order to achieve the desired learning result. Future research should look at the design and creation of different short story teaching modules for other titles used in national primary schools.
Key Words: reading, poor comprehension, visual aids, classroom participation, powerpoint,
Monopoli Solat : Interactive Learning Methods for Prayer Recitations
Syahrul Waheeda Mohd Ali*, Halina binti Mohamed Yusof, Rohayu Yusof, Rohana Talib, Wan Muhammad Amir Ashraf W Ramli, Safinaz Sulaiman, Mohd Amir Bin Zakaria, Azizan Suhadi, Aiza Mufida Mozi
Kolej Matrikulasi Johor
Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia
Jalan Payamas, 84900
Johor Darul Ta’zim
*Corresponding e-mail: email@example.com
ABSTRACT - The study used a Mixed Method approach (Qualitative and Quantitative) involving 33 respondents. The creation of the game Monopoli Solat aims to ensure that innovations are made to attract students by using games as a technique for Learning and Teaching. The main objective of this technique is to improve the quality of students’ memorizations of prayer recitations. This study had been carried out at Kolej Matrikulasi Johor. Quantitative data was obtained using the Pre-Experimental Design (Pretest-Treatment-Posttest). The analysis of the study was taken from the quantitative data through the distribution of questionnaires regarding the effectiveness of the test. The qualitative data was analysed from interviews of all respondents. Pre and post tests were carried out to prove the effectiveness of the tool tested in helping the process of memorization. The main result of this study found that the students’ recitation quality was at their highest when all respondents reached the level of 100% memorization (fluent) after using Monopoli Solat - The Interactive Game. This study also found that the duration of time for the evaluation process of memorized prayer recitations can be shortened thus saving time. Supporting the results of this study also found that there is a positive relationship between the tool used and the level of memorized prayer recitations of the students through the process of comparing the marks between the pre and post tests. The analysis from questionnaires and interview forms also found that most respondents strongly agreed that Monopoli Solat - The Interactive Game has helped them improve the quality of their prayers. Based on the findings, the utilization of the interactive game Monopoli Solat is suitable to be implemented for all ages.
Keywords: Teaching & Learning, Monopoli Solat, Interactive, Makhraj (Points of Articulation of Letters
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GREEN BUILDING CONSERVATION THROUGH EXTENSIVE GREEN ROOF SOLUTIONS IN SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS TO OVERCOME SICK BUILDING SYNDROME
Nazilatul Hidayah, Mia Sofiatus Solikah, Nurul Janah
ABSTRACT - Development is a planned effort to implement change. In fact, the development of buildings is one of the biggest contributors to global warming. The concentration of CO2 in the air has increased, especially after the industrial revolution (Salim, 2010). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 30% of buildings in the world experience air quality problems. This causes the world of infrastructure development to emerge with the phenomenon of sick building syndrome or environmental problems due to poor air quality. So it is necessary to implement green building conservation to minimize global warming through efficient and optimal utilization of natural resources and energy sources. One of them is the implementation of extensive green roof innovations in sustainable buildings that are researched through literature research methods or library research. Searching for data and observations on the theme under study is the method used in extensive green roof innovation research. Applied through semi-fertile soil growing media to plant sedum grass. So it is suitable to be planted in high temperature areas. Extensive green roof also has the advantage of being a water catchment area, being able to reduce noise, reduce air pollution, and overcome sick building syndrome because of its advantage that it can absorb CO2 emissions. Green roofs are reported to consume less energy in the range of 2.2-16.7% than traditional roofs during summer. The existence of an extensive green roof that is applied in housing to other buildings in urban areas will certainly have less energy consumed compared to this figure. Thus, the sustainability of a healthy environment in which contains a future of air that adheres to the principle of zero. pollution can be enforced without leaving the slightest gap for the arrival of sick building syndrome in the future.
Key Words: Extensive Green Roof, Green Building, Sick Building Syndrome, Sustainable Building.
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GREEN CITY DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION AID CARD IN PERTAINING SUSTAINABLE CITY DEVELOPMENT IN MELAKA
Suzei Mat Nurudin1 Nor Suhaiza Md Khalid2 Dr. Zarina Mohd Zain3 Dr. Thenmolli Vadeveloo4
Universiti Teknologi MARA,
Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Seremban, Malaysia
ABSTRACT - Green City Development Information Aid Card is a basic reference for the public in getting clear information and understanding about Melaka green city. The early state success in applying green city technology in Malaysia is Melaka and it was first declared as Melaka Green Technology City State on 22nd November 2011. This aid card introduces the key concepts of Green City development and includes a summary of the green city implementation steps in Melaka. This card was created for local people to get information about the implementation of Melaka green city initiatives. Designated in a postcard form, it packed with information on the initiative and picture aim to disseminate information about the initiative to the tourist and the locals. The objective of the study is to identify the awareness among public on the initiatives of Green City Development initiated by Melaka state government. It is specially designed for easy information dissemination to all target groups with the use of clear language with green city picture that will help people for better understanding of the implementation of Melaka Green City.
KEYWORDS: Green city, key concept, postcard & Melaka green city
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Smart Building Structure
Hasrul bin Halimoon
Kolej Vokasional Melaka Tengah
ABSTRACT - The Building Structure Module is one module found in the subject of Construction Technology in the College of Vocational and Civil Engineering in Technical Secondary School. Students who venture into the field of construction need to master and master the Building Structure module because it is a foundation before they learn more about the field of construction technology. This study is to produce teaching and learning products called Smart Building Structure. This product facilitates teaching and learning in construction for structural components of buildings considering in Malay and English more effectively and provide long-term memory to the students. The material used in the production of this teaching and learning product is a simple material and can be produced by every lecturer in a short time. Smart Building Structure has been used by lecturers in teaching building structure modules for students of class 2 Certificate in Construction Technology and 1 Diploma in Construction Technology at Melaka Tengah Vocational College. The results through teaching and learning in the classroom, found that this product can facilitate teachers in the teaching process and provide effective learning to students. In addition, this product is also easy to operate by teachers, use low cost, attract students, and give long-term memory to students. Therefore, it is hoped that this Smart Building Structure product can be expanded to other fields so that lecturers can give the best lessons for TVET students.
Key Words: Teaching and learning materials, Building Structure, Construction
Technology, Civil Engineering, bilingual
Noor Farazila Binti Radzi1, Md. Fauzi Bin Ismail2, Hashamuddin Bin Ya’akob3
Kolej Komuniti Bagan Datuk1, Politeknik Ungku Omar2,3
ABSTRACT - M-CAS is a mobile application that is used in teaching and learning session for DPA3023 Computerised Accounting System course. This course is discipline core under Diploma in Accountancy at politeknik. M-CAS focuses on how to use AutoCount accounting software to produce financial statement. Before M-CAS was develop, the main teaching and learning material is AutoCount Computerized Accounting Course Book. However, students’ performance is not favourable. Questionnaires were distributed to determine student perception on teaching and learning material that is used during the lecture. Most of the students stated their disagreement (80%) and strongly disagree (20%) that the teaching and learning material can improve their understanding. Students also disagree (80.35%) and strongly disagree (19.65%) that the teaching and learning material make this course interesting. Therefore, M-CAS was developed to enhance student understanding of AutoCount accounting software usage. M-CAS was developed using Metaverse apps that can be downloaded from Play Store for free since it uses only basic function of the apps. The design of this app is included with animated icon, photo, augmented reality and gamification. There are two classes that use this apps during teaching and learning session. The result is better than the other class that does not use this apps. Therefore, M-CAS can be used as teaching and learning material at politeknik in Malaysia that offer DPA3023 Computerised Accounting System course. The supplier of AutoCount accounting software also can use this apps for their training purpose. However, there is limitation for this apps. It only covers the AutoCount accounting software usage. The recommendation is to include the whole syllabus of DPA3023 Computerised Accounting System course in M-CAS.
Key Words: accounting, computerised accounting, AutoCount
EZ Forecast: A System of Univariate Models
Noreha Mohamed Yusofa*, Norani Amita, Nor Faradilah Mahadb, Noorezatty Mohd Yusopa
aCenter of Statistical and Decision Science Studies
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Negeri Sembilan
Persiaran Seremban Tiga/1, Seremban 3, 70300 Seremban,
Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
b Center of Mathematical Studies
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Negeri Sembilan
Persiaran Seremban Tiga/1, Seremban 3, 70300 Seremban,
Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
ABSTRACT - Forecasting is a process of analysis that is performed using many complex time series techniques. The application of each technique depends on many factors such as economy, social, and climate that can affect the demand forecast. Forecasting relies on the needs of the users or forecast preparers. In this system, data forecasting is made easy since the system is developed to be user-friendly in which a user only needs to key in a data set and the analysis will be done automatically by the system. A new system of univariate modelling techniques is introduced to forecast and to evaluate the best techniques identified by the time series model. This system can be defined as a decision-maker helper in forecasting the time series data accurately and systematically. The objectives of this system are: (1) to monitor the performance of a time series data set using a univariate model, (2) to do a one-step-ahead forecast of the time series data set, and (3) to let users determine their preferred model based on the minimum amount of error measures. There are five methods used in this system which are Naïve Forecast, Naïve with Trend Forecast, Single Exponential Smoothing, Double Exponential Smoothing, and Holt’s Method. A real-life data of a Food and Beverages (F&B) company is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the system. The findings showed that Single Exponential Smoothing is the best model generates the minimum error measures. This system is beneficial to an organisation as it offers valuable information that helps the top management to make decisions on the future direction of the company.
Key Words: forecasting, time series, univariate model
Interactive GramMic Module: An Interactive Comic Book for Teaching and Learning Grammar Effectively
Ife Sam A/p Sasidaran, Shangkari A/P Jaikrishnan, AP Dr Melor Md Yunus
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi
ABSTRACT - Grammar is an important language skill. However, Malaysian lower primary school pupils are unable to perform well in their language production skills due to their weak mastery of grammar components. Besides, grammar is taught implicitly rather than explicitly in schools. A quasi-experimental research was conducted to find out pupils’ mastery of grammar components which are taught explicitly via an interactive grammar module, known as Interactive GramMic Module (IGM), created by the researchers. Each chapter in the module consists of comics and interactive exercises which are aligned with the grammar components existing in the currently used Year 2 English textbook. The participants in this research were 36 Year 2 pupils, 15 from a suburban school and 21 from an urban school in Melaka. The data for this study were gathered via pre and post-tests, and semi-structured interview. Findings reveal that the IGM is an effective tool that helps Year 2 pupils in mastering grammar as well as motivating them to learn grammar enjoyably. Therefore, it is hoped that this study could give insights to the educators, policy makers and book writers in developing and using various English grammar modules in enhancing pupils’ English language proficiency.
Key Words: Explicit, Comics, Interactive Activities, Grammar
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WONG MEE LENG
LING PIK KUONG Dr.
ROZIAH BINTI MOHAMAD ALI Dr.
SALAHUDDIN MOHAMED NOR @ NOR
YONG ZHEN QI
ABSTRACT - Tokoh-PahLAWAN (TO-LAWAN) 2.0 version is the upgraded hardware and software tools for teaching and learning history facts in meaningful and fun way. It provides active and creative student-centered activities in line with the needed 21st century learning skills which inclusively help developed the 6C domain of the students using 3E framework (Explore, Explain, Experience) and 5W1H Techniques. To identify the usability of TO-LAWAN 2.0 in the teaching and learning of history subject, Year 5 classroom with the topic “Struggle of Local Figures Against the British” is chosen for the implementation in the research that are carried out collaboratively in several primary schools in the central zone of Sarawak. Findings showed an increase in mean score of + 56.1% over a two-week period. Apart from that, data collected from the interview with the head of the History Teacher Committee also confirmed the usability of the TO-LAWAN 2.0 as tool which has a positive effect with its attractiveness and value of socialization and creativity development of students. TO-LAWAN 2.0 believed not only can be used in the subjects of history but in other subjects too. The application of TO-LAWAN 2.0 as classroom assessment projects is an innovative effort matches the (Pentaksiran Bilik Darjah) PBD Education Practices 2019 along with New Narrative of Malaysia Education Ministry which focuses on learning based on student development to meet the current and future needs of the country. TO-LAWAN 2.0 not only increases understanding History facts, but also develops educated decisions making among students.
Key Words: Year 5 History , 21st century learning, 6C, 3E
VidSafe Gate: Automated Entry Checkpoint
Khoo Boon Sheng1 & Kang Yi Qing2
School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia.2 School of Computer Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia.
1 firstname.lastname@example.org 2 email@example.com
ABSTRACT - Covid-19 pandemic emerged as a threat to public health. Various standard operating procedures (SOP) are outlined by the National Security Council and Health Ministry to curb the spread of the virus. Under the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases Act 1988 (Act 342), business owners will be penalised if they fail to comply with the SOP. It can be observed that almost all employers are placing employees at each entrance to screen and check the visitors. This manual checking process burdens business owners with labour cost and indirectly leads to problems such as the risk of exposure during the human-conducted checking process. Some business owners have invested in temperature kiosks to cut the labour need. Unfortunately, without anyone monitoring, there are always irresponsible individuals who skip the mandatory screening and check-in. Therefore, it is beneficial for both the business owners and the society to automate the checking process. Our proposed solution, an automated entry checkpoint (VidSafe Gate) applies real-time Computer Vision, Machine Learning and Internet of Things (IoT) technology to help premise owners manage the entry of their visitors. In brief, it controls the opening and closing of a gate, only allowing entry after ensuring that the visitor is wearing face masks and has undergone temperature check, checked in and sanitized their hands. VidSafe Gate guides and ensures that the visitors comply with the SOP set by the Malaysian government upon entering the premises. In the long run, it lowers the cost of the checking process for business and premise owners. Just as its name implies, VidSafe Gate protects the safety of the people by minimizing human interaction during the checking process and reducing the risk of having potentially infected people inside premises. It benefits society as it helps to maintain a safer environment within a premise during the current pandemic or future outbreaks.
Key Words: Standard Operating Procedures, Automated Checking Process, Computer Vision, Machine Learning, Internet of Things
Enhancing Form 4 Pupils’ Speaking Skills via TikTok
Diana Anak Ipan, Wendy Kulan Anak Igai, Claudia Christy binti Blaise,
Melor Md Yunus
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
ABSTRACT - Due to the recent Covid-19 pandemic, the majority of education institutions around the world have begun to utilise social media in teaching and learning. The use of mobile learning or M-learning is not new in the education field. Schools have shifted from the traditional face-to-face classes to online learning through media such Google Meet or Zoom. Some schools with poor internet connection are using social media such as WhatsApp and Telegram to keep in touch with students. Currently, social media apps such as TikTok has taken the world by storm. It is used by people of all ages to share videos. The researchers see this as an opportunity to provide a learning platform for pupils to hone their speaking skills outside the classroom. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effectiveness of TikTok in enhancing Form Four pupils’ speaking skills. The participants (n=30) were given a speaking module to be completed in a month. The objective of the programme is to teach pupils on how to describe and give opinions. The aim of the module is to enable pupils to use the target words or phrases repeatedly to describe different activities. The participants were assessed using pre and post-tests. Although the intervention is a short-termed programme, the post-test showed statistically significant improvement in their speaking skills. The findings of this study can be used to encourage the incorporation of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) in Malaysian classrooms to provide a fun and meaningful learning environment for second language pupils.
Key Words: Speaking skills, mobile learning
Evaluation of Module Development for Infectious Diseases Prevention
Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad Sharoni¹, Rosuzeita Fauzi¹, Norimah Said¹, Padma A. Rahman¹, Hayati Adilin Mohd Abd Majid², Balqis Jamaludin¹, Amirah Rasyidah Mustapa¹ & Nor Suhaiza Md Khalid³
¹Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus
²Faculty of Hotel and Tourism Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Kuala Terengganu Campus
³Faculty of Administrative Science & Policy Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Seremban Campus
ABSTRACT - In Malaysia, recreational parks are categorised as one of the most popular tourist attractions with beautiful sceneries, enchanting flora and fauna, and rich ecosystems. However, some tourists still have limited health literacy and they are at risk of getting infectious diseases such as Leptospirosis, Malaria and Melioidosis. These diseases can be life threatening, however, they can be controlled if preventive measures are taken accordingly. The objective of this project is to develop and evaluate a community health module for the prevention of infectious diseases. Design and Development Research (DDR) was used as the study design. It involves four phases; analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation. There are three parts in this module; the identification and causes of disease, signs and symptoms and preventive measures for the diseases. This booklet is simple, concise and easy to understand and the information is valid as the content of this module is mainly referred from the Ministry of Health Malaysia. Eleven experts were asked to evaluate the module (pre and post) based on five indicators; objective, content, format, language, presentation and usefulness. The results showed that on average, the score improved from pre (mean=3.95±0.64) to post (mean=4.71±0.56) evaluation. The results of this project are expected to improve the awareness and well-being of tourists and people visiting recreational parks. Simultaneously, this can also reduce safety issues at recreational parks and increase the revisit intention of touristsand locals, which in turn will increase the profit for the government by supporting the tourism industry.
Keywords: Education, Leptospirosis, Malaria, Melioidosis, Module, Prevention
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