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Intercalations of Pamoic Acid, Ascorbic Acid, Gallic Acids and It’s Controlled Release Properties
Sheikh Ahmad Izaddin bin Sheikh Mohd Ghazalia, Nurain binti Adama, Siti Hafizah binti Aminuddina & Muhammad Helmie bin Hairudina
aUniversiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Kuala Pilah, Pekan Parit Tinggi, 72000 Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Abstract - A new organic – clay material intercelated into inorganic interlayer known as Layered Double Hydroxide (LDH) which was prepared by using Pamoic acid, Ascorbic acid and Gallic acid that act as a guest and Zn-Al- LDH act as clay host. Two different methods which were co- precipitation method and ion exchange method found more effective method for intercalation process in the formation of compound.Characterization method such as FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared) and PXRD (Powder X-ray Diffraction) were done to confirm the guest anion were intercalated in between the LDH. The controlled released properties were done to understand the release behavior of the guest anion from the LDH.Once the equilibrium has achived show that the new type of nanocomposite have been produce and the anion which are the drugs, Pamoic acid, Ascorbic acid and Gallic acid has been released out from the layered compound.
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QUICKSET_EXAM – The Way to Go
Lim Teck Heng*, Rasaya Marimuthu, Liaw Shun Chone & Hoe Foo Terng
Academy of Language Studies, UiTM Penang, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Penang, Malaysia
Abstract - Teachers at all levels often have a love-hate relationship with examination setting. Besides focusing on the content to be tested, teachers have to spend a considerable amount of time to ensure that the test items adhere to the typography that has been determined by the institution all for the sake of standardization. Many institutions only provide their staff with written guidelines and expect them to customize the test items accordingly. Some institutions attempt to make this task easier by investing in a customized examination generation system. These systems, though helpful, can cost a fortune to develop and maintain. In order to help test setters cope with typography and to minimize cost, a user-friendly examination template is developed. In this paper, a brief description of such a template is presented. This template, QuickSet_Exam, is a template that utilizes the ubiquitous Microsoft Word. A customized ribbon which is inserted into Microsoft Word enables test setters to just click and get the desired typography. QuickSet_Exam has managed to greatly reduce the time spent on customizing the typography of examination papers. The test setters can now spend more time and focus on the test content instead of worrying whether they have adhered to the stipulated typography guidelines. This template could be an indispensable tool for institutions that are still grappling with the typography of examination papers.
Synthesis, Characterization And Anti-Corrosion Screening of Cu(II) 4-Acetylpyridine 4-Ethyl-3-Thiosemicarbazone Complex
Nur Nadira Hazani, Nur Nadia Dzulkifli*, Ahmad Husaini Mohamed, Nurul’ Ain Jamion, Jamil Mohamad Sapari, Sheikh Ahmad Izaddin Sheikh Mohd Ghazali Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM) Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Kuala Pilah, Pekan Parit Tinggi, 72000 Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
Abstract - Copper(II) complex of 4-acetylpyridine 4-ethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (4Acpy4E3TSC) ligand was synthesized by condensation method of thiosemicarbazone and copper(II) chloride in methanol. The ligand and complex were characterized by elemental analysis (CHNS), FT-IR, UV-Vis, gravimetric analysis and molar conductance. The ligand as well as its Cu(II) complex were determined its ability to inhibit corrosion. Elemental analysis for the compounds show result with in good agreement with theoretical values. The FT-IR spectra data implied a bidentate bonding through azomethine nitrogen and thiocarbonyl sulfur of 4Acpy4E3TSC to Cu(II) ion. The UV-Vis analysis showed two types of transitions, which are n→π* and π→π* in ligand and complex. The spectra of complex shifting from ligand spectra prove the coordination to metal ion and as can be seen from the presence of band above 400 nm in UV-Vis spectra, the complex undergoes d-d transitions. The molar conductance showed 1:1 electrolyte with formula [Cu(4Acpy4E3TSC)(3H2O)Cl]Cl. The gravimetric analysis showed the percentage of Cu(II) was 12.60 %. The thiosemicarbazone ligand and its Cu(II) complex proved the hypothesis where the inhibitor efficiency tends to increase as inhibitor concentration increase. Cu(II) complex showed better results in corrosion inhibition as compared to ligand.
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Integration and Analysis of Zinc-Aluminium-Layer Double hydroxide-2-oxo-L-threo-hexono-1,4- lactone-2,3-enediol and Its Controlled Released Properties With Various Types of Aqueous Media.
Sheikh Ahmad Izaddin bin Sheikh Mohd Ghazali, Muhammad Helmie bin Hairudin, Mazni Musa & Nor Monica Ahmad
Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Kuala Pilah, Pekan Parit Tinggi, 72000 Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Abstract - 2-oxo-L-threo-hexono-1,4- lactone-2,3-enediol or also known as Ascorbic acid (ASA), vitamin C was successfully intercalated between Zn-Al layered double hydroxide, Zn-Al-LDH inorganic host is synthesis by coprecipitation method at pH 7.0 ±0.5 and Zn and Al molar ratio of 4. Both PXRD and FTIR result conform that the ASA was successfully intercalated into the Zn-Al-LDH interlayer. The X-Ray diffraction pattern showed that the expansion of basal spacing from 8.9 Å in the Zn-Al-LDH change to 11.7 Å is because of intercalation of ASA occur into the Zn-AL-LDH (intercalation of ASA into ZN-Al-LDH). The most importance feature in FTIR spectrum for Zn-Al-ASA is the dissapearence of nitrate absorption band (at 1351cm-1) and the presence new band at 1613cm-1 , due to the presence of C=C alkene, which conforms the intercalation of ASA in the ionic form in the interlayer of the LDH. The percentage saturated released of the ASA is in order of phosphate > carbonate > chloride with percentage saturated released 92 %, 64 % and 42 % respectively. This study shows that the Zn-Al-layered double hydroxide can use used as a host for controlled released formulation.
Synthesis of Layered Double Hydroxide 4,4’-methylenebis (3hydroxy-2-napthoic acid) via Direct Co-Precipitation Method and Its Controlled Release Behaviours
Sheikh Ahmad Izaddin Sheikh Mohd Ghazali, Nurain Adam & Ropisah Me
Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Kuala Pilah, Pekan Parit Tinggi, 72000 Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Abstract - Intercalations of 4,4’-methylenebis (3-hydroxy-2-napthoic acid) or known as embonic acids into layered double hydroxide by using direct co-precipitation method to form layered double hydroxide 4,4’-methylenebis (3hydroxy-2-napthoic acid) or known as layered double hydroxide embonic acids were successfully intercalated. The result obtained from the FTIR spectroscopy shows that the appearance of the 4, 4’-methylenebis (3-hydroxy2-napthoic acid) or embonic acid peak into the intercalated compound which are at 3503.96 cm-1,1639.20 cm-1 1454.84 cm-1, 739.20 cm-1, and 1199.11 cm-1 indicate the OH stretching, C=O stretching, C=C stretching, C-H of the aromatics ring out of plane bending and C-O stretching frequency. The basal spacing of nanocomposites was increases from 9.016 Ǻ to 17.661 Ǻ due to electrostatic attraction and hydrogen bonding between the inorganic layer and organic anion. The percentage loading of the 4, 4’-methylenebis (3-hydroxy-2-napthoic acid) or embonic acid into the layered compound was estimated to be 50.23 %. The release of the4,4’-methylenebis (3-hydroxy-2napthoic acid) from the layered double hydroxide by using sodium carbonate as the aqueous solution show slow release of the 4,4’-methylenebis (3-hydroxy-2-napthoic acid) over extended period of time with saturated release of around 70 %.
Synthesis of Gallic Acid - Layered Double Hydroxide(Ldh) By Direct Method and Its Controlled Released Properties
Sheikh Ahmad Izaddin bin Sheikh Mohd Ghazali, Siti Hafizah Aminuddin,Jamil Mohamed Sapari & Nur Nadia Dzulkifli Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Kuala Pilah, Pekan Parit Tinggi, 72000 Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Abstract - Synthesis of new hybrid nanocomposite material zinc-aluminium-3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid (Zn-Al-Gallic acid) was successfully attained by the direct method with a molar ratio of Zn to Al; R=4 at different concentration of 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid. Gallate anion(GA) acts as anion and Zn-Al-Layered double hydroxide as a clay host. The basal spacings of LDH and intercalated product highly similar, further characterization such as Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen and Sulphur (CHNS) and FTIR-ATR analysis (Fourier Transform Infrared) results indicated that the GA was successfully intercalated into the interlayer of LDH. The percentage loading of the gallic acid was 47.13 % (w/w) successfully intercalates into the interlayer based on the calculation and data obtained from the CHNS analysis. GA reaches equilibrium at 72 % released at 150 min so it can reach the target area efficiently.
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Utilization of Malus sylvestris Mill Rind as Herbal Tea to Reduce Symptoms of Asthma
Regina Yolanda Sukoco University of Brawijaya, Veteran Street, Malang 65145, Indonesia
Abstract - Tea is a kind of beverage made from fruits or herbs. Tea which is does not contain tea leaves called herbal tea. Nowadays, some people consumed herbal tea to avoid some of disease. One of natural substance that can prevent some of diseases is quercetin. Quercetin is kind of flavonoid that is naturally found in many fruits and vegetables which can protect the body from several degenerative diseases, including the reduction of major symptoms of asthma. Quercetin content measurement was analyzed by using extraction method in ethanol solution and spectrophotometer. Apple (Malus sylvestris Mill) is one of fruits which contains abundant source of quercetin. Local apples from Indonesia which are represented by Rome beauty have high content of quercetin. Almost 50% quercetin contained on the rind of apple. Normally, people throw the rind of apple and doesn't consume it. My innovation is exploit the potential of rind of apple as raw material to make herbal tea to reduce symptoms of asthma.There are two simple and economical steps to make herbal tea from rind of apple. First, clean the rind of apple with water and then cut into small pieces. Second, bake for 1 hour and 15 minutes using a temperature of 40o C. In this review, have analyzed about the potential of quercetin contained in the rind of apple to treat asthma. Beside of that, this innovation has the potential to utilize waste into a natural medicine that are beneficial for health.
Keywords : Tea. Apple. Flavonoid. Quercetin. Asthma
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Integrated Transportation System (InTranSys) @ UiTM
Shahrul Amri bin Ab Wahab, Kamsol bin Mohamed Kassim, Nik Azlina binti Nik Abdullah & Syazwani binti Ya
Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perlis branch, 02600 Arau, Malaysia
Abstract - The recent budget cuts have forced Malaysian public universities, including Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), to find ways to reduce their expenditure and increase their revenue. As the largest University in Malaysia with more than 20 campuses scattered all over Peninsular Malaysia, UiTM spends significant amount of money on inter-campus transportation. However, the current inter-campus transportation system lacks integration, which subsequently leads to cost inefficiency. We therefore propose a system that is designed to overcome this problem by eliminating wasteful redundancies in transporting passengers from multiple campuses to one common destination. The system, abbreviated as Intransys, uses a set of heuristics specifically developed for UiTM in determining the ‘transportation pooling cluster’. Once in place, not only will the system benefit UiTM by reducing its spending on transportation-related costs, but the environment as well by lowering the emission of greenhouse gases. In addition to that, the system could also promote collegiality among UiTM's staff members from different campuses when they are being transported using the same vehicle. Intransys is the first of its kind to be implemented in Malaysian government sector, and it can also be extended to other government agencies and private organizations that have multiple branches across peninsular Malaysia.
Does ‘Futurisk’ Game is an Effective Learning Tool for Malaysian Futures Market? A Case Study from UiTM Sabah
Associate Professor Dr Imbarine Bujang, Flicia Rimin, Anastasiah Binti Harbi, & Ahmad Fauze Bin Abdul Hamit
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Abstract - Malaysian futures and options is one of the important courses taught in Business Management Faculty especially to undergraduate students majoring in finance, accounting and banking. In view of the increasing global use of derivative instruments, this subject appears to be of great significance or value as it underlies the very basic understanding towards Malaysian derivatives and its regulatory framework. However, teaching and learning of the subject itself can be quite challenging to lecturers especially when dealing with students of lower performance. Realizing this and the importance to ensure learning effectiveness among the students are reasons to innovate our teaching and learning strategies in order to improve students’ performances. Given these points, the team has invented an effective learning tool namely ‘Futurisk game’ to assist our undergraduate students’ understanding towards the subject matter. The objective of this invention is meant to encourage and improve their learning over the chapters especially for syllabus covering commodity, equity, interest rate and bond futures market. The main reason underlies on the specific chapters is due to percentages of questions given on the final examination, whereby, 70% to 80% are consist of questions on futures market and instruments. This is also followed by the fact that a majority of undergraduate students who failed the paper have lacking ability to understand the chapters. With this in mind, it is a hope that by introducing such innovation can increase the performances of undergraduate students as in line with the 21st century of learning where no students will be left behind. Keywords: Malaysian derivatives, commodity, equity, interest rates, bond futures market
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FES ComP Spreadsheet as a Teaching and Learning Tool for Financial Analysis Courses
Zaleha Khamisa, Roseziahazni Ab Ghania, A’tiqah Rashidah Abu Samaha & Wan Dorishah Wan Abd Mananb
aFaculty of Business and Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 23000 Dungun, Terengganu Malaysia
bFaculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences , Universiti Teknologi MARA, 23000 Dungun, Terengganu Malaysia
Abstract - Over the years, the spreadsheet is increasingly recognized as a useful teaching and learning tool to enhance student learning of discipline-content knowledge as well as enhancing skills that will be beneficial for their future careers. Eventhough spreadsheets are widely used in the industry for financial and statistical calculations, at the university level, most students are still using traditional methods (pen and calculators) to do calculation. This could cause errors and the students would need to spend lots of time to complete the calculations. In order to solve these problems, the researchers in this project have created the FES ComP spreadsheet. Fast and Easy Spreadsheet for Analyzing Company’s Performance (FES ComP) is a spreadsheet that was created using Microsoft Excel to assist users to perform company financial analysis. It is a tool that is easy to use and is suitable for students in higher education institutions for their finance and accounting self-exercise and assignments. The users only need basic knowledge of finance and accounting in order to use FES ComP. The uniqueness of FES ComP is that it has four popular types of company financial analysis tools; namely financial ratios, common size, year-to-year change and index number trend analysis in a single spreadsheet. The benefits of using FES ComP as a learning and teaching tool are it is easy to use, it can easily construct related tables and graphs, solves tedious and repetitive calculations, it is fast and saves time and it can be used widely in the classroom for many courses. Keywords: financial analysis, spreadsheet, students’ skill, teaching and learning tool, finance and accounting
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Densification of Juvenile Planted Kelempayan (Neolamarckia cadamba) Wood for Furniture Component
Siti Zalifah Mahmuda, Rokiah Hashimb, Hamdan Husainc, Abdul Hamid Salehc & Ainul Munirah Abdul Jalila
aDepartment of Wood Industry, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, 26400 Bandar Tun Abdul Razak Jengka, Pahang Malaysia
bDivision of Bio-resource, Paper and Coating Technology, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
cForest Product Division, Forest Institute Research Malaysia, 52109 Kepong, Selangor Malaysia
Abstract - Kelempayan (Neolamarckia cadamba) is one out of nine selected species which has been recommended as a forest plantation program under Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities (MPIC). This effort has been implemented to reduce pressure on natural timber species in order to ensure continuous availability of raw material for wood based industries. In line with this policy, this study was utilized a juvenile planted kelempayan as a raw material to produce a component for furniture part fabrication. Generally, the properties of a juvenile wood are not suitable to be used as a raw material for furniture component especially in terms of durability and strength. Therefore, the objective of this study were densified juvenile kelempayan wood and increased its properties. The trees (7 years-old) were obtained from Research Station of Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) at Maran, Pahang. The trees were planted in June 2006 and were harvested on April 2013. Then the logs were converted into sawn timber. The method of wood densification was through resin impregnation in a vacuum vessel and soaking in atmospheric air pressure for 24 hours. Then the samples were oven dried at 120°C (urea formaldehyde resin) and 150°C (phenol formaldehyde resin) for 30 minutes. The results show an improvement value between untreated and treated wood on density, weight percent gain, anti-swelling efficiency, resistance of water absorption and bending strength. Indeed, this study contributes multiple benefits especially as value added substitute material for furniture industry as well as conserving biodiversity because it is a renewable material.
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Inflatable Travel Nursing Pillow
Nur Hidayah Mohd Razali, Busyra Latifa, Norani Amit, Noor Hidayah Mohd Zaki, & Nurdia Azlin Ghazali
aFaculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences (FSKM) Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Seremban 3, Persiaran Seremban Tiga/1, Seremban 3, 70300, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Abstract - Feeding pillows which is also known as nursing pillows usually come in a c or u-shape and go around the waist to provide relief on back, neck, spine and arms. Most women have no difficulty feeding their baby but some of them do face the tough session. Less and light stuff is very important to the traveler in order to make sure that they feel convenienceand comfortable during the travelling. As a consequence, an inflatable travel nursing pillow is a good idea to make sure the journey is smooth and all the parents can nurse their baby easily. The objective of this project is to produce a light compact size nursing pillow that will resolve most of the problems faced by nursing mother during travelling. The compact size makes this nursing pillow easy to fit inside a can-sized travel case for quick and convenient packing. Besides, the material used is PVC which is flexible and waterproof rubber like plastic. It is washable, in case milk or drinks spilled on to the nursing pillow, it can be washed and dried only for hours.
Fire Retardant Coating Composition
Mohd Salahuddin Mohd Basria,c, Faizal Mustaphaac, Norkhairunnisa Mazlanab, & Mohamad Ridzwan Ishakabc
aDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
bInstitute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia cAerospace Manufacturing Research Center (AMRC), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Abstract - Steel, while obviously a very strong material, it is not immune to the effects of fire. As fire is applied, the steel starts to lose its strength at temperatures exceeding 540°C and eventually collapses. This is the reason why all steel structures should be protected from fire and heat as to maintain their strength and create adequate egress time inside the structure. Intumescent fire retardant coatings have been developed to provide protection from prolonged fire exposure. In case of a fire, such coatings will expand greatly, creating a char layer that further protects the steel structure. The char layer is considerably more effective than traditional insulating and fire retarding materials in minimizing the exposure of the underlying steel structure to rising temperatures. Innovatively, the coating is produced by using rice husk ash, an earth-friendly agricultural waste from rice production, and activated by chemicals using geopolymer technology. The uniqueness of the product is in its effective performance as fire retardant material imbued with eco-friendly, bio-degradable and non-toxic properties. Since the geopolymer coating is an intumescent coating, it is able to expand many times its thickness and form an insulating layer effective enough to protect the substrate. With the latest novel optimized formulation, the geopolymer coating is able to protect the substrate from fire and heat by delaying temperature rise and maintain it at about 350°C, well below the critical 540°C. In addition, the rates of combustion and generation of smoke are substantially reduced, increasing egress time and help maintain structural integrity.
Modification of Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes with Copper via Electrodeposition Technique and Its Applications
Muhammad Aslam Mahmuda, Lim Ying China, Zuraida Khusaimia and Zulkarnain Zainald
aFaculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia c NANO-SciTech Centre (NST), Institute of Science (IoS), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia d Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Abstract - Advancement in nanotechnology field has been celebrated with many significant breakthrough rapidly flourish in this 21st century. It has tremendously accelerate the advancement of functional materials to a new height. Among them, one-dimensional titanium dioxide, TiO2 nanotubes (TiNT) is one of the versatile functional material being widely studied. TiNT serves as multifunctional materials with a promising capability to overcome an extensive range of great technological challenges. Recent potential applications of TiNT has been reported in degradation of organic pollutants, water splitting, CO2 conversion, environmental analytical chemistry sensor, rechargeable lithium-ions batteries, optoelectronics devices, biocompatible and biomedical materials, photovoltaic cell, catalysis, drug delivering, dye-sensitized solar cells, photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell, among others. TiNT is wellknown for its high surface area, high carrier mobility, nontoxicity, chemical stability against photocorrosion (photostability), superior electron transport properties, excellent controllability, economical cost effective with simple and easy fabrication by anodization technique. Nevertheless, TiNT as a n-type semiconductor has a wide band gap of 3.2eV (anatase-formed). Thus, it absorbs merely about 3-5% of ultraviolet ray from sunlight spectrum. Additionally, TiNT experiences a low quantum efficiency as rapid recombination of photogenerated electron-hole pairs severely hamper overall performance of energy conversion efficiency. It is believed that the conversion efficiency in visible range and the charge separation issue can be solved via establishment of heterostructure TiNT coupled with any narrow band gap semiconductor material (such as copper). Copper oxide (Cu2O or CuO) typically procures as a p-type semiconductor which is abundantly available, environmentally benign, non-toxic, low production cost with good electrical and optical properties. Cu is favorable to couple with TiNT since it has a narrow band gap (Eg = 1.9 - 2.2 eV). Cu doped TiNT (Cu/TiNT) might prolong the absorption of TiNT into the visible range of solar spectrum instead of ultra violet (UV) region. In this study, electrodeposition technique has been proposed to deposit Cu onto TiNT substrate. This study provides an overview for the modification of TiNT with Cu deposition and its potential technological potential in photoelectrochemical cells.
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GPA and CGPA Forecast Calculator (GCFC)
Mohd. Rizal Razak*, Muhd. Eizan Shafiq Abd. Aziz, Nor Zalina Ismail,Nazirah Ramli
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan (Pahang) 27600 Raub, Pahang, Malaysia *firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract - Grade Point Average (GPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) are very crucial to students in presenting their academic performance. However, it is quite tedious and time consuming to forecast GPA and CGPA based on recent CGPA manual calculation. Thus, GPA and CGPA Forecast Calculator(GCFC) is developed to enhance the forecasting process and output. GCFC will be beneficial to many users such as students, Academic Advisor or known as “Penasihat Akademik” (PA) and administrator of the higher education. For students, GCFC can help them in forecasting their GPA and CGPA for the coming semester based on current semester CGPA result and Credit Hours. The result based on GCFC can be an indicator for students’ coming academic performance and this can motivate them to work harder in order to achieve good result and at the same time to be graduated on time (GOT). For PA, GCFC can help them in motivating the students to obtain excellent results and GOT. GCFC can also give benefit to the administrator such as coordinator, head of department and dean in making decision related to student’s result. GCFC is developed based on Web Engineering Process Model that has five main processes which are Planning, Modelling, Construction, Deployment and Communication. GCFC is developed based on Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) grade but it can be expanded to other higher education. This innovation is very useful to community in higher education as the result can boost student’s motivation level and also assist the decision making process for academic administrator.
G-Out: Footwear for Gout Patients
Anis Fathini Bt Shahrul Kamal, Nurul Izza Binti Mohd Zaki, Tun Nur Qaisara Ilyana Bt Ibrahim and Norrisalha Bt. Mohamad Tahir. Kolej MARA Kulim, Jalan Junjong, 09000 Kulim, Kedah, Malaysia
Abstract - Gout is defined as “one of the most painful forms of arthritis” a person can suffer. Gout is caused by a build-up of uric acid in the joints that eventually forms sharp crystals that collect surround the joints especially in the ball of the foot and big toe. The purpose of this invention is to provide alternative supporter to gout patients, to minimize the length of supporter in comparison to crutches and to recognize the proper shoes for gout that are also economically priced. This foot wear for gout was invented so that it allows the foot and toes plenty of space because the crimping, pinching and pressure caused by tight fitting footwear can impede blood circulation around the toes and feet. Sluggish flowing blood is more likely to form and deposit crystals. Moreover, the toes are the number one spot for recurring gout attacks by far. This foot wear was also designed to avoid pressure on the crucial big toe joint. It is sturdy for control and stability and also comfortable, have good cushioning, and have well-padded insoles. This G-Out shoes will leave big impact in terms of socio-economy by widening in the industrial and marketing field as well as the commercialization field and more job opportunities can also be provided. We plan to commercialize this product by finding a suitable company that is interested to collaborate with us to produce this custom-made shoes and make it into a proper, ready-to-use gout shoes that is accessible in the market.
AcAd : An Interactive Android-based Mobile Application for Academic Advisors
Noorihan Abdul Rahmana, Maznie Manafa, Marina Ahmada, Rozianiwati Yusofb, Nor Azlina Aziz Fadzillahb, Mustakim bin Mamata
aFaculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Kelantan, 18500 Machang, Kelantan, Malaysia
bFaculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Negeri Sembilan Kampus Seremban 3, 70300 Seremban 3, Negeri Sembilan
Abstract - Academic Advisor in Universiti Teknologi MARA plays an important role in guiding their students in academic education thoughout the learning process in the university. The students need to seek for guidance from their Academic Advisor so they can be assisted to graduate within the prescribed period. There are problems in understanding Student Information Management System (SIMS) application since there are many features available to be used by academic advisors. There will be an ad hoc situation where academic advisors need to help their students to add or drop subjects or even allowing the students to take certain subjects. Academic Advisor Mobile Application (AcAd) is an android-based application which is inpired by ‘Manual Penasihat Akademik’ ebook provided by the Academic Affairs Department of Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM). It gives useful information for academic advisors to use SIMS. AcAd provides the mobility features for the academic advisors to learn on how to use SIMS anytime anywhere using their smartphones. This project took the innovative step for improvising the academic advisor manual by providing AcAd for academic advisors. Academic advisors can simply download AcAd to understand the manual for SIMS and read it from their smartphones. AcAd will ease academic advisors by providing more user-friendly interface for comprehending SIMS manual.
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RaspyAir: Personal Wireless Intrusion Detection SystemMonitoring using Raspberry Pi
Mohd Syafiq Aiman Mohamad Zulrahima*, Mohd Nizam Osman
Universiti Teknologi Mara Caw. Perlis, 02600 Arau Perlis, Malaysia
Abstract - This paper described a personal wireless intrusion-detection system (IDS) using Raspberry Pi to enhance the security performance for personal computers. Nowadays, most of the personal computers are interconnected without wire. Sometimes, we do not know that someone is sniffing our network, even we do not realize that there was an intruder in our network due to most of the personal computers does not have the intruder monitoring system. To overcome this problem, we proposed a system for wireless monitoring and intruder detection for personal computer known as RaspyAir. This system was implemented using missuse detection approach, which is hybridization of tShark and Airodump-ng to capture the possibility of the traffic in the wireless environment. The brute-force algorithm is used to filter the traffic using signature based detection technique. Then, RaspyAir was integrated with a credit card size single board computer which is Raspberry Pi as an external tool for monitoring the system. The developed system is then tested using code auditing and penetration testing to identify the achievement of the system using Wireless Security Assessment Methodology (WSAM). A standard measure score is calculated to evaluate the degree of the security for the system. Hence, the result has shown the RaspyAir followed the security guidelines, fully secured, can be deployed for personal computer and significantly increase the security performance for monitoring wireless intrusion-detection system. Additionally, from the experiment conducted has confirmed that by using Raspberry Pi as an external tool, it consumed nine times less electrical power compared to the personal computer.
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#SLIPPAWORD: Improving Students’Awareness and Understanding of English Parts of Speech
Ahmad Harith Syah Md Yusuf, Nazarul Azali bin Razali, Adi Idham Jailani, Ariff Imran Anuar Yatim & Nor Atifah Mohamad Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Melaka, KM26 Jalan Lendu, Alor Gajah, 78000, Melaka, Malaysia
Abstract - The process of teaching and learning English grammar is complex. It can be boring and demotivating to students,while grueling to English language teachers. For second language users, it is important to them to learn and acquire the language grammar through meaningful and purposive process. Unfortunately, traditional pen and paper method usually deter second language (L2) learners to motivationally understand this important element of the language. One way to provide meaningful and purposive learning experience is by using language games. Thus, #SLIPPAWORD: A Parts of Speech Game, a grammar game that focuses on parts of speech is developed to overcome this problem. By using cards, learners will have to understand the rules of grammar in order for them to answer the questions correctly. This game is beneficial to L2 users as it allows for the English parts of speech rule to be deductively attained by those that play this game. Although this game was developed especially for English language teachers and learners, its possible application could be widespread due to its adaptable and sustainable characteristics.
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Hartini Yusofa, Reena Leeba Richarda, Nur Aziatul Syakila Mohamad Radzia, Shahrul Azam Abdullahb & Shamima Abdul Rahmanc
aDepartment of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus,42300 Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
bFaculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
cDepartment of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences, 63000 Cyberjaya, Malaysia.
Abstract Topical antimicrobial agents are generally applied on wound to prevent or treat infections. Without proper treatment, the risk of wound infections may increase and cause accumulation of pus, which delays the healing process. In some circumstances, MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) infections in wound may cause life-threatening condition that leads to death. Furthermore, bioactive constituents such as hydrogen peroxide in synthetic antimicrobial drugs are reported to be toxic to human cells. In response to the alarming concern regarding the cytotoxicity as well as the emergence of multi-resistant organisms with the decrease efficacy of antibiotics towards mankind has necessitated our study in revisiting traditional healing methods, hence, developing a wound cream that is cost-effective and contains non-toxic antimicrobial agent. The cream was developed by using fresh, pure Piper sarmentosum leaves extract. The plant was chosen as it is easier to grow, especially in tropical region like Malaysia, and only limited products available in the market. Previous studies revealed that Piper sarmentosum or locally known as ‘Pokok Kaduk’ is widely used in traditional Asian remedies throughout generations. The convenient of the cream are portable and less messy in comparison to other products. Moreover, the light-weight cream provides easier penetration to the skin and formulated ingredients that provide a moisture barrier. The addition of cucumber and lemon extracts to the cream are essential for scar treatment after a wound has healed. Thus, Piper-Aid Cream is considered beneficial without causing any adverse effects to the body and keeping infection at bay.
The Potential of Palm Oil Processing Waste as Composting Materials
Syed Saiful Nashrizam Syd Ahmada, Salwa Adamb, Nur Masriyah Hamzah, Nurul Wahida Hanib, Noraida Mohd Radzib
aFaculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, 26400 Bandar Tun Razak Jengka, Pahang, Malaysia
bFaculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi MARA Melaka (Kampus Jasin), 77300 Merlimau, Melaka
Abstract - Malaysia is a major exporter of palm oil however it created abundance of oil palm waste particularly empty fruit bunch (EFB) and palm oil mill effluent (POME). Composting of EFB and POME is one of the alternative ways to reduce the amount of by product and towards the zero emission programs in palm oil mill industry. These by-products are good sources of plant nutrients and could be recycled into the fields as organic fertilizers. This study was conducted to determine the optimum rate of POME plus oil palm decanter cake (OPDC) on composting EFB. Composted EFB with different rate of POME and OPDC was carried out in composting plant at FELCRA Mill, Maran. Shredded EFB was partially treated with POME from anaerobic pond in four different ratio (1:0, 1:2, 1:3, and 1:3:0.2) with 60% moisture content. The ten weeks old composts were dark in colour with earthy smell and the pH of compost keep increasing from moderate alkaline to strongly alkaline. The temperature and C/N ratio were found to decrease significantly while N, P and K content increased significantly. The compost formed from the addition of OPDC (1:3:0.2) found to be the most optimum compost with low C/N ratio (23.64), and high nutrient content (N 1.57%, P 0.21%, K 0.65%). In conclusion, the addition of OPDC as a nitrogen source can speed up composting process by reducing the C/N ratio value. The use of these oil palm wastes could reduce environmental damage and enhance economic benefits in the oil palm industry.
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Project Selection Tool: The Application of Analytic Network Process (ANP) and Zero-One Goal Programming (ZOGP) Model
Nor Faradilah Mahada*, Suriana Aliasb, Norul Fadhilah Ismailc, Busyra Latifa, & Nur Rasyida Mohd Rashidc aFaculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences (FSKM) Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Seremban 3, Persiaran Seremban Tiga/1, Seremban 3, 70300, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia bFaculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences (FSKM) Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Kelantan, Kampus Machang, Bukit Ilmu, 18500, Machang, Kelantan, Malaysia cFaculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences (FSKM) Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Kuala Pilah, Parit Tinggi, 72000, Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Abstract - Project selection is the process of evaluating individual projects or groups of projects within an organization. The decision maker may have a number of suggested projects but having difficulties to undertake all the projects due to resource constraints. This study focuses on the Road Infrastructure (RI) project evaluation and selection which concerned with the allocation of organizational limited resources. A real-life RI empirical example on an ongoing decision-making project in Johor, Malaysia was used to demonstrate the application of Analytic Network Process (ANP) and Zero-One Goal Programming (ZOGP) formulation which are expected to be useful to solve the project selection problem. The opinion of a group of expert will ease the decision making process. This tool will help the society and the organization to solve the selection problem efficiently since each project will have different costs, benefits and risks. The scarce resources of the institution can be controlled so that it can be used for the most important project and within the selected project. Hence, these methods are useful for efficient business planning so that the most potential and profitable project can be prioritized. The methods discussed here can be extended to solve any type of project selection problem and not only restricted to RI project evaluation and selection.
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Automated Lesson Plan Converter Using Optical Character Recognition Integrated With Google Calendar
Idris Ishaka, Nor Azlin Roslia a, Universiti Teknologi Mara (Melaka) Kampus Jasin, Jasin 77300, Malaysia
Abstract - Filling up digital forms would be a hassle, especially if the form requires too many compulsory information to be given in order to complete a task or transaction. By utilizing optical character recognition (OCR), a technology that allows conversion of printed or non-editable documents to editable document, together with additional algorithms to detect and categorize information within the converted document, the process of transfering information from printed document to a digital can be simplified. This system development project aims to assist students of Universiti Teknologi Mara Malaysia to generate calendar entries of their 14-week lesson activities using information provided in course information document so that they can be notified of important dates through their mobile devices.
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Utilization of Matured Coconut Sap as Substrate for Beneficial Microorganism against Bacterial Disease of Rice
Mohd-Zafri, A.W., Intan-Sakinah, M.A., Siti Sarah J. and Nurul Azlini, M.N. Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Jasin Campus, UiTM Melaka
Abstract - The use of beneficial microorganisms is an approach to control plant pathogens and it has a potential to be used as a biological control through the process of competitive exclusion or pathogen inhibition. Mature coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) sap, a nutritive liquid obtained from the endosperm of coconuts, is also a waste product from factories producing copra, desiccated coconut and other coconut meat products because it contributes to high biological oxygen demand and considered as a very active pollutant to the environment. In this project, matured coconut sap has been used as a substrate for growth of beneficial microorganism through few formulation and they potentially produced antimicrobial compound that could inhibit bacterial disease of rice of in vitro. This project was aimed to produce a commercial biological control product to control plant pathogen in agriculture. For project achievement, a research grant (LESTARI) has been approved for project fund.
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Effects of Banana Peel Biochar on the Growth Performance of Aerobic Rice
Wahida, N.H., Izzanur, I., Nur Firdaus, A.R., Noraida, M.R., & Wan Natasya, W.A. Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi Mara (Melaka) Jasin Campus, 77300 Merlimau, Melaka, Malaysia
Abstract - Application of biochar is commonly reported to improve crop yield and enhance soil quality. This study was carried out to determine the effects banana peel biochar on soil macronutrient and the growth performance of aerobic rice. The experimental units were arranged in complete randomized design (CRD). It consists of five treatments and four replications. Aerobic rice seedlings were grown in soil treated with 62.10 g biochar per pot for 9 weeks. The treatments are without biochar (T0), banana peel (BP) biochar (T1) and commercial rice husk (RH) biochar (T2). All treatments were applied with the recommended rate of NPK fertilizer (0.414 g per pot). The banana peel biochar was produced by pyrolysis process at 340°C for four hours. The pH of biochar for ranged from 7.50 to 8.54. The treatments showed increment of plant height (cm) and the number of panicle from 28th to 72nd day, while the number of tillers remained constant from week 42nd to 72nd day. The amounts of filled grains produced are 2.8, 2.8 and 2.6 g in T0, T1 and T3, respectively. There was no difference in soil macronutrients content among all treatments. Results showed that there is a potential in the application BP biochar in term of aerobic rice growth performance up to 72 days. Detailed studies on the characterization of BP biochar and its application in soil shall be given an attention to maximize the use of this fruit waste in the future.
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Business Law Made Easy 2.0
Mohd Syahril Ibrahima*, Nur Haidar Hanafib & Wan Asma Wan Nasrudinc
aFaculty of Law, UiTM Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Campus Seremban 3, 70300, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
bFaculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences , UiTM Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Campus Seremban 3, 70300, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
cFaculty of Accountancy, UiTM Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Campus Seremban 3, 70300, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Abstract - Most people have a preferred way to learn. Some learn best by listening, some have to observe every step, while others have to do it to learn it. The term “learning styles” speaks to the understanding that every student learns differently. Technically, an individual’s learning style refers to the preferential way in which the student absorbs, processes, comprehends and retains information. Teaching law subjects for non-law students are rather challenging. They often find law uninteresting and difficult. Many have suggested that this problem could be solved if different teaching approaches were applied. Scholars believe that interactive lecture methods have the ability to fill the gaps in today’s traditional learning methods. In order to create interactive content, the student learning style must be identified. VARK is one the tools to determine the students’ learning style. The acronym VARK stands for Visual, Audio, Read/write, and Kinesthetic sensory modalities that are used for learning information. Thus, Business Law Made Easy 2.0 (BLME 2.0) was developed based on the VARK’s result in order to accommodate the need of the students by understanding the law subjects easily.
Key words: VARK, Student Learning Style, Interactive learning, non-law students, education
Design and Development of Miglitol Loaded Plga Nanoparticles for the Management of Diabetes
Abstract - Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder, resulting from insulin deficiency, characterized by hyperglycemia, altered metabolism of carbohydrates, protein and lipids and an increase risk of vascular complications such as heart attack, increased blood pressure, nephropathy and neuropathy. In the present study, sustained and controlled release Miglitol nanoparticles (MNP1-MNP10) were prepared by using Miglitol with various concentrations of polymer PLGA. The drug and additives used in the formulations were subjected to compatibility studies using FTIR and DSC. The results confirmed that there was no interaction between drug and additives used in the formulation of nanoparticles. The prepared nanoparticles were characterized for particle size, particle size distribution, zeta potential, drug content, entrapment efficiency and in vitro drug release studies. All the developed formulations were found to be within the limits as per the standard quality control procedures. The optimized formulation was selected for the further in vivo pharmacological study using Streptozotocin induced diabetic rats for the determination of its effectiveness. The results confirmed that the developed formulation significantly (**P< 0.01) reduces the increased blood sugar level to normal. Hence the developed formulation can be effectively used in the management of diabetes mellitus.
Key words: PLGA, Particle size, Zeta potential, entrapment efficiency
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“Latihan Industri” Monitoring System
Nor Fadzilah Mokhtar, Anis Diyana Rosli, Aida Zulia, Yusnita Mohd Ali, Siti Azura Ramlan, Wan Salha Saidon, NorMasni Ad Fauzi, & Shahilah Nordin
Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Pulau Pinang, Jalan Permatang Pauh,Permatang Pauh 13500, Pulau Pinang
Abstract - An administration work is not the main task for lecturers but in some cases, they need to involved in monitoring large numbers of students, lecturers, and industry data as a part of completion the programme curriculum being offered. Due to the time constraint, a smart monitoring system is needed in order to solve the over-workload problem, the efficiency of the monitoring processes and data validity. “Latihan Industri” Monitoring System was designed with lots of features to represent data in both graphical and listing forms. Essentially, when involving management application system, security and data validity need to be managed very strictly. This system requires no log-in security processes due to the features offered by the TABLEAU software which will reduce the administrative tasks and consequently secure the validity of data to all system users. In addition, the concept of the dashboard offers the transition of data embodiment from the big data to a user-friendly representation, resulting in managing the processes efficiently. By using this system, the monitoring processes become easier, faster and effective which help all parties to manage the same data in the same community level.
TTOCB Inventory: An Application in Malaysian Secondary Schools
Nurharani Selamat, Norshidah Nordin & Chan Yuen Fook
Faculty of Education, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Aras 5 & 7, Bangunan FSK 1,5, Kampus Puncak Alam, 42300, Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
Abstract - The growing demands to raise the education quality in order to achieve developed nation status by 2020 has cause various education reforms in Malaysia. However, it still failed to enhance the standard of education as students’ academic performances in Malaysia still deteriorating. This inferred that despite various education reform, students’ academic performances would not increased if teachers are not willing to exhibit their extra-role behavior such as conducting extra classes. This voluntarily extra-role behavior is term as organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Even though, teachers’ OCB plays a crucial role in enhancing education quality but to date, scholars still striving to determine teacher’s OCB as the existing inventories were ambiguous and vague. Thus, this research attempted to develop TTOCB (Teacher’s Triangular Organisational Citizenship Behaviour) Inventory based on newly synthesized Teacher’s Triangular OCB Model based on oriented extra-role behaviors, namely, affiliative, change, and innovative. TTOCB Inventory is the first inventory developed based on Malaysian school context that have never been tested empirically by previous researcher. Moreover, the development of TTOCB Inventory has undergone comprehensive procedures consist of three phases and eight steps which provided empirical evidences that this inventory is highly reliable and valid to be used to measure teacher’s OCB. In order to assist interactive evaluation of teacher’s OCB in school, Excel VBA program has been used to develop TTOCB Inventory windows based application. As for practicability, TTOCB Inventory is useful for teachers, principal, and Ministry of Education. For example, principal as a school leader can utilize TTOCB inventory to identify the level of teachers’ OCB. The results gathered from TTOCB Inventory could assist principal to uncover ways to motivate teachers to exhibit OCB. Higher level of OCB could give positive impact to students’ academic achievements, thus, increase education quality, which imperative to Malaysian economic growth in order to attain developed nation status. Finally, TTOCB Inventory has commercialization potential as it is high impact management tool, user friendly, economical, and applicable to be used in all Malaysian schools.
Keywords: Organisational citizenship behaviour, TTOCB Inventory, affiliative oriented OCB, change oriented OCB, innovative oriented OCB
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De’ Lawa Sholat Shirt
Siti Nor Izwani Binti Abdul Manaf, Nur Laila Nafisah Binti Azman, Siti Hazwani Binti Muhammad Isa, Muhammad Dzulkamal Bin Rayhmie & Normala Binti Ismail
Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang (Raub Campus), 27600 Raub, Pahang, Malaysia.
Abstract - De’ Lawa Sholat Shirt can be turned into a robe and with the combination of legging and wudhu’ socks, it can be used for sholat. The existence of this shirt will make Muslim women more confident, comfortable and easy to pray without a lot of preparation as well as no anxiety of hygiene to perform prayer. This unique shirt meets the needs of each woman, regardless of races, ages and sizes. De’ Lawa Sholat Shirt is very suitable for praying outside while running outdoors activities. Besides, it can also be used as everyday clothing, light, easy to clean, easy to fold, do not weigh luggage, can take anywhere and save money shopping. This is why this shirt is different from others because it has “4 in 1” features: from T-shirt to robe and together with legging and wudhu’ socks, sholat can be performed in line with its tagline, “Simple and Easy. Ready to Sholat!”
Development Tips And Tricks Mobile Application For Beginner User Of DSLR
Mohamad Aliff Sanusia, Nor Azlin Roslia a, Universiti Teknologi Mara (Melaka) Kampus Jasin, Jasin 77300, Malaysia
Abstract - This research was about developing a mobile application with the implementation of tips and tricks in photography for beginner user to use the DSLR camera. The problem statement is most of the user use full automatic mode because they lack of knowledge to setting their camera using the manual mode. The project requires a mobile application to detect light intensity and convert the light intensity to shutter speed, aperture, and ISO. There were three objectives that need to be achieved in this project which were, to gather and analyse the user requirement, to design the Analog Meter and lastly to develop the Analog Meter system. This application focuses on beginner user to guide them using the manual mode. This project used the Mobile Application Development Life Cycle (MADLC) which consists of three phases which are the identification phase, the design phase and the development phase which each of the phases had its own activities involved and the deliverables. Each phases achieved each objectives of the project. Last but not least, hope this applications can help beginner user using DSLR camera.
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Developing Mobile Augmented Reality Location-based Service in Academic Library (LibMAR-1)
Ahmad Nadzri Mohamada, Nurhidayah Hashima, Mazwani Ayu Mazlana, Noor Nazahiah Bakrib, Tengku Adil Tengku Izhara
Faculty of Information Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40150 Shah Alam, Malaysia Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 47000 Sg. Buloh, Malaysia
Abstract - Massive developments of computing application create an opportunity for library administrators to engage with users in an interactive manner. One of the emerging applications is the use of Mobile Augmented Reality (MAR). In essence, various studies reported cost and technical knowledge as a fundamental component in MAR success. However, free and low-cost MAR platforms were made available for navigational purposes but less demonstrated in the literature. Hence, the objective of this study was to demonstrate the use of Mobile Augmented Reality (MAR) and its processes involved in mapping of Tun Abdul Razak Libraries, Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), Shah Alam, Malaysia. For this purpose, location-based MAR application was used and integrated with geographical data on Google Maps through Keyhole Markup Language (KML) file. Relevant data and locational information was also incorporated to aid visualisation of library locations through smartphone. As a result, a new AR world was created and named “PTAR Mobile Augmented Reality (Lib-MAR)”. Library users can use this AR tool with their smartphone as a guide to library locations on university surroundings. Technique shown in this study is applicable for library administrators to engage and aid users in library navigation, improving accessibility and resources discovery.
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Predicting Potential Library Outlets with GIS-based technique (GISLib) to Improve Library Acessibility
Ahmad Nadzri Mohamada, Noor Shuhada Alwia, Noor Nazahiah Bakrib, Tengku Adil Tengku Izhara, Mohamad Noorman Masreka
Faculty of Information Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40150 Shah Alam, Malaysia Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 47000 Sg. Buloh, Malaysia
Abstract - In serving a wide range of geographically dispersed users, librarians need to analyse distance and physical accessibility of public library to ascertain that the community at large has an equal right to utilise in-house library resources. From a short observation, none of Library and Information Science study was carried out using GIS in Malaysian Citation Index (MyCITE) and Malaysian Abstracting and Indexing System (MyAIS). Furthermore, the application of GIS in LIS research is slowly developing and expanding [8,9,10,11]. Against this background, the objectives of this project were twofold; (a) to analyse patron distance to Petaling Jaya Community Library network. (b) To determine potential library locations to better serve existing library patrons. Geographical Information System (GIS) was used in this project to map users’ addresses retrieved from the library system. Geographical Information System (GIS) is a computer system which captures, stores, manipulates queries, analyses and displays geographically referenced data. It was recorded that a majority of the library users live within 1-3 miles from the library. Strategic areas for branch, mobile or library outlets were pictured accordingly. This study aids Library and Information Science (LIS) researchers to utilise GIS as a strategic tool in spatial-related matters.
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KOHA Open Source Intergrated Library System (ILS): Isometrics in Primary Education Centers
Mazwani Ayu binti Mazlan, Ahmad Nadzri Mohamad & Muhammad Fazli Baharuddin Faculty of Information Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA Puncak Perdana Campus, 40150 Puncak Perdana, Shah Alam SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN
Abstract - The emergence of technology in information industry have influenced on how information centers like academic library to operate differently compare to 20 years ago. Integrated library system (ILS) such as KOHA has made a great impact on reviving the information flows in processing bibliographic materials for retrieval and storing purposes, what was once done in manual are ease with the new approach of systematic method provided by the ILS. KOHA is open source software that has made positive effect on navigating primary education centers onto empowering knowledge as a whole. The primary education centers are evaluated on the how it practiced, hence the isometrics of ILS are being measured for evaluating the ILS performance and relevancy in education centers.
|File Size:||307 kb|
i-ARMS: Secured Web-Based For Integrated Academic And Research Management System
Sakinah Ali Pitchay* and Muhammad Fadhil Ahmad Zaki
Faculty of Science & Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Abstract - Academic and research in university is an important issue that requires information to be stored systematically. i-ARMS is an integrated secured web-based application designed for higher institution learning. It allows faculty where the user such as Dean, Deputy Dean and Head of Programme can manage the final year project for student, supervision and research tracking for the lecturers. Problems arise when the current manual system has redundancy and allocation of students for particular supervisor. These circumstances lead into two problems. Firstly, the Head of Programme faces difficulties to manage academic performance of student’s project, supervision tracking and alumni data. Secondly, there is no existing system to access and update such information. Therefore, i-ARMS is developed to provide an interactive web-based system for academic and research management in higher learning institution specifically for Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM). It also provides automated intelligence CGPA tool and classification of the class status. Moreover, this system allows user to calculate cgpa and the recent academic performance, i-cgpa. With those information, the faculty has a close monitor on the academic performance of students and research by the lecturer for each program. These features help to solve the Ummah needs by replacing the manual retrieval information and increase the efficiency of management. It also contribute to user by offering safe and secure website by adding Structured Query Language (SQL) parameters prevention from any SQL injection attacks.
|File Size:||541 kb|
Green Light, Drink Right
B.A. Md Sabri, N.N.Bakri, N. Yusof, A.A.Mohd Yani, M.F.L.S.Fadly Loo, A.N. Ahmad Kamal & N.A. Mohd Radzi Centre of Population Oral Health and Clinical Prevention Studiess, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA,Sungai Buloh Campus, Sungai Buloh, 47000,Malaysia
Abstract - Background: Increased availability and consumption of sugary beverages in early-childhood is associated with increased caries risk. Even though parents hold purchasing power, children have significant influence on their parents’ purchase decisions. Problem statement: Young children lack the attention span and cognitive ability to understand the implications of their choices. However, it is still imperative that they make correct food/drink choices for their health and wellbeing. There is a need to come up with a way to help them make the right nutritional choices from an early age as possible. Objective: To create a product that captures the attention and interest of preschoolers in increasing their knowledge and awareness regarding drink/food choices. Novelty: To the best of our knowledge, there has never been a product in the market that utilizes the traffic light concept in advocating healthy drink choices in an interactive manner. This product is also very versatile in that the products featured on it can be changed according to need as long as it is coordinated to the traffic light concept. Benefits to society: This project, utilizing the ‘play-learning’ concept, matches the cognitive abilities of preschoolers, improves learning and is an effective tool in increasing their knowledge on drink/diet choices. The low production cost combined with the versatility of the product makes it a desirable product for oral health promotion. Potential to be commercialized for usage under the National Preschool Oral Health program under the Ministry of Health and as an education tool for kindergartens and nurseries nationwide.
Discreet World of Microbes (DWM)
Fitratul Azimah Idris, Syarah Izzati Abdul Rahman, Azny bt Azmi & Dr. Wan Zuhainis Saad
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Abstract - Discreet World of Microbes is a game board based on microbes. This game was created for children to explore more about microbes and improve their social skills. It includes template for adding pictures, characters and description of the microbes. In addition, we created an application that contains information related to the game. This game also tests the player’s logical thinking skills and the ability to relate microbes to their daily life. It also teaches kids to use technology for learning and at the same time having fun.
BacTracker Mobile App
Afiqah Mustafa Kamil, Nur Hafizah Amdan, Nur Shahirah Ahmad Shukri & Dr. Wan Zuhainis Saad
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Abstract - Learning about microbes can be fun through mobile app especially those microbes that may be found on you or with you. BacTracker provides platform to explore and enhance learning of microbes that may be present in your lives focusing on cosmetics.
Siti Farhana Bajunid*, Mohd Amirul Faiz Zulkifli, Izyan Fartini Md. Zuri Harisson anak Kueh & Wan Zuhainis Saad
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Abstract - Advances in Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has been given a tremendous impact in new generations’ life. The implementation ICT or e-Learning is fundamental in modern educational system. Based on research, it is found that learners tend to empower knowledge to become more active, collaborative and productive, by producing sustainable knowledge rather than only consuming. Hence, we create a website called Microbes Planet using a video web-based concept to attract young learners starting from age 11 to learn Microbiology science with variety of educational videos. We also provide Augmented Reality Microbiology notes to educate them about the basic knowledge of Microbiology and to introduce them new concept of creating notes using current technology. We have different tabs which leads to different function in the website. Tab Micropedia elaborate more on the scientific terms and facts about Microbiology according to the level of the students’ capabilities. Level 1 would consist of students age 11-12, level 2 age 13-15 and level 3 for students age 16-18 years. The classification of levels are based on the Ministry of Education in Life Science Syllabus that focus on Microbiology subject where students learn in primary and secondary schools. We also have provided Do it yourself (DIY) section that teach students to do science project at home using household products. By doing this, we would encourage students to be more creative and innovative in learning science and technology.