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Design Of Power Window Vehicle Safety System
1Mohd Fakhrur Razi Misran, 2Ahmad Fairuz bin Mohamed, 1Mohd Fikri bin Mohd Soffian
1Jab. Kej. Mekanikal (Automotive), Politeknik Port Dickson, KM14, Jalan Pantai, 71050 Si Rusa, Negeri Sembilan. Malaysia.
2Jab. Kej. Mekanikal (Automotive), KM 22 Jalan Matang, Politeknik Kuching Sarawak, 93050 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia.
ABSTRACT - Two common vehicle safety can be divided into active and passive safety systems. The primary purpose is to minimize the possible risks for a vehicle's drivers and passengers from an accident. However, one aspect should be considered in preventing unknown hazardous such as the deaths caused by the respiration system's failure due to a high level of carbon monoxide (CO) concentration in the vehicle cabin. Therefore, this project proposed an embedded technology of an automatic power window integrated with the sensing element to monitor the car cabin's air composition. The CO sensor will measure the CO gas concentration and activate the relay switch if the CO concentration reaches its maximum level. The power window will be operated, and open the window to allow fresh air circulation in the cabin. Besides, the car passengers also will be notified by the activation of the alarm.
Key Words: Vehicle safety, CO sensor, automatic power window
Unaware Threat of Cabin Vehicle Safety: A Review
Mohd Fakhrur Razi Misran, Mohd Fikri bin Mohd Soffian, Muhammad Hilmi bin Zaid
Jab. Kej. Mekanikal (Automotive), Politeknik Port Dickson, KM14, Jalan Pantai, 71050 Si Rusa, Negeri Sembilan. Malaysia
ABSTRACT - Modern vehicle design is completed with the additional support of a passive and active safety system. The main reason is to ensure the driver and the vehicle occupant is prevented from potential hazard while driving on the road. However, there is still an unaware potential hazard in the vehicle cabin, which caused the sudden death. It is due to poisonous gasses such as carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), and many more. The high concentration of these gasses may affect the driving performance and health of the other vehicle occupant. Therefore, this paper aims to review hazardous gasses as the most significant threat to vehicle safety. The initial part of this paper discusses relevant information such as gas composition in the vehicle cabin after inhalation, the symptoms, and the effects of high concentration gasses. It shows that different levels of CO concentration within a certain period have a different effect on human life. The second part of this paper discusses the existing research on vehicle gasses detection systems. Later, based on the reviewed approaches, suggestions are made to improve the integration of power windows with the CO gasses detection system and other electronic components without changing the power window motor's original shape.
Key Words: Vehicle safety, CO sensor, power window
Solid Waste Management Hierarchy: An Empirical Investigation
Nor Eeda Haji Ali, Nurain Mohd Talmizi, Suriani Ngah Abdul Wahab, Nurhidayah Samsul Rijal, An Nisha Nur Welliana Abd Rased, Alia Abdullah Saleh
Department of Built Environment Studies & Technology
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perak Branch, 32610, Seri Iskandar, Perak.
ABSTRACT - The rapid growth in the world's population, together with high urbanization rate, and rising living standards, have all steered the increase in solid waste generation. Solid waste disposal has become a major environmental problem for many countries. Therefore, efficient management of solid waste has now become a concern for government at all levels. Leaning upon the concept of solid waste management hierarchy, this study examines the level of participation of households in waste minimization in Shah Alam city, Malaysia. A total of 150 copies of semi structured questionnaire were purposefully administered to adults in Malaysia, through an online survey. Their responses were coded into the computer and analysed using SPSS version 20. Frequency and Chi-square tests were conducted on the data to examine the level of participation of respondents in waste minimization. Findings from the study revealed that 58%, 48.6% and 45.3% of respondents reuse their old plastic bags, bottles and newspapers respectively. The chi-square results equally showed that significant differences exist in their level of participation in waste minimization (p<0.05).The rate of participation in recycling as revealed by the study is low, most people dispose their old electronics and waste oil instead of taking them to recycle centres. Thus, they do not engage in waste minimization. The successful implementation of solid waste management hierarchy in the study area, depends on the willingness of households to embrace the idea. The study recommends more enlightenment campaigns to let the public know the benefits of waste minimization with respect to reuse, reduce and recycling of household wastes. This will promote sustainable solid management in the city, as less wastes will be taken to the final disposal sites (landfills).
Keywords: Solid Waste, Waste Management Hierarchy, Households, Waste Minimisation.
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Evaluation of Solution-Based Learning as Teaching and Learning Strategy in Company Law Courses
1Hazlina Mohd Padil, 2Eley Suzana Kasim, 3Haziq Aminullah
1Faculty of Law, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Seremban, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
2Accounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
3The School of Social Sciences, The University of Manchester, United Kingdom.
ABSTRACT - Solution-based learning (SBL) encourages students to provide more definitive solutions to solve problems. SBL is an effective tool in the teaching and learning process, a diversion from the traditional lecture-based learning (LBL) and problem-based learning (PBL). Unlike LBL and PBL which requires students to learn through exploration of issues and problems and applying the legal principles in the problems, SBL requires them to critically analyse the principles of the law and to provide solution more holistically. The implementation of SBL approach in the social science field, particularly in law courses is very scarce. Hence, “LexGenic Kit” was introduced as an innovative teaching and learning method for Company Law course. This paper examined the learning outcome of implementing “LexGenic Kit” among the non-Law students taking the Company Law course. The findings of this study indicated that “LexGenic Kit” was able to encourage students’ participation and improve both their extrinsic and intrinsic values. Students benefit from higher sense of responsibility, diligence, entrepreneurial mindset, and decision-making qualities, all of which potentially enhances graduate employability.
Keywords: solution-based learning, LexGenic Kit, Company Law, teaching and learning method
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Identifying Users’ Engagement in E-Commerce
Lizawati @ Rosclaritha Maidom, Aslina Baharum*, Dina @ Nina Mohd Nizam
UXRL, Faculty of Computing and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, MALAYSIA
ABSTRACT - The digital age has produced a plethora of diverse websites for web users to connect and use. Although E-Commerce advancement has grown immensely and became a valuable channel for the transaction of selling and purchasing activity between seller and customers, E-Commerce companies are faced with a highly competitive environment today with the flooding emergence of business going digital. An effective website is a significant factor in attracting and retaining customers’ absorption to promote purchasing behaviour. Additionally, user engagement is often associated with the workflow of E-Commerce due to its ability in influencing customers’ satisfaction. However, there is a lack of quantitative studies focusing on the construct of customer engagement observed. For these reasons, there is a need for the exploration to concentrate on the antecedents and consequences of the construct of user engagement to get an in-depth clarity on the aspect. Literature reviews performed demonstrates very few empirical studies focusing on E-Commerce as a contextual periphery of optimization of user engagement. Although user engagement has been widely highlighted in various fields for its significance, it is still a challenge for an E-Commerce business to optimize it as to lack of reference effectively. Theoretically, a good design constitutes factors of users’ satisfaction assimilation requirements and technical implementation. Therefore, understanding and fulfilling people’s demand is a fundamental design concept required to be implemented. Thus, this study aims to identify the elements of user engagement in E-Commerce through a preliminary review study. The results of the study show the identified and listed users’ engagement elements and the design elements that contributes to the user engagement elements. The extracted result of the study will benefit researchers and designers to produce an effective E-Commerce website that promotes engagement with the integration of user engagement elements on the development. The implementation shall be useful to be used as a guidance and improvement reference.
Key Words: business, emotional, optimise, customer
A Preliminary Study on Identifying the Level of Student Engagement in Blended Learning
Ernie Suzana Mahsum, Aslina Baharum*, Farashazillah Yahya
Faculty of Computing and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, MALAYSIA
ABSTRACT - Blended learning is one of the learning methods used in any educational institution worldwide. It involves a combination of face-to-face learning and teaching with students using computer technology. Therefore, student engagement is essential to ensure the efficiency of blended learning. However, blended learning is found challenging where active collaboration between lecturers and students are highly needed to integrate learning. To overcome the issue, Polytechnic provides a Learning Management System known as the Curriculum Information Document Online System or known as CIDOS. CIDOS is a fully automated document management platform that manages the uploading, downloading, updating, and sharing digital content through a single integrated component. This study aims to determine the level of student engagement in blended learning at Polytechnic, Kota Kinabalu. A preliminary study with 125 students found that students are medium in the learning management system, which is CIDOS.
Key Words: blended learning, student engagement, digital, lecturer, teaching
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Designing an Instrument for Gamified Community-based Application Using Critical Analysis: Preliminary Study
Suhaila Jaffar, Aslina Baharum
UXRL, Faculty of Computing and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, MALAYSIA
ABSTRACT - The purpose of the paper is to study an instrument of gamification framework. This study focuses on gamification in e-learning, especially in early education; the ‘what’ and ‘how’ gamification can support e-learning within a community context. Gamification has taken someone popularity in the past few years in research in the context of education and business marketing. It has also gained interest from academics, educators, health management, employee engagement, civic engagement, and innovation. Gamification is an established practice and industry segment. Thus, because of the lack of children's engagement in the learning process and lack of motivation to learn, incorporating gamification has been acknowledged. It is hoped that these instruments will be useful for future research and the development of community learning applications using gamification.
Key Words: Gamification, framework, learning, children
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A Preliminary Study on Music Education Using Gamification
Jessellah Samat1, Christina Andin1, Aslina Baharum2
1Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, MALAYSIA
2UxRL, Faculty of Computing and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, MALAYSIA
ABSTRACT - Music education skills are generally considered complex and difficult to learn. Several digital application efforts have been made to teach these skills and improve or encourage students to practice them. However, these efforts do not benefit the features of modern technology. The preliminary study was conducted with 32 students from one secondary school at Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, using an online Google form questionnaire. Results found that 57.9% of students have been used a game or learning application in music education, and 42.1% are interested in learning music education based on a mobile application. This show the need to develop a teaching and learning tool aids with proper guideline. Since gamification can be a valuable teaching method by helping students develop critical thinking skills, this outcome of the preliminary study may have an overview of student interest in using gamification. It is hoped that using gamification for music education can increase student motivation and participation during class.
Key Words: skill, digital, application, teaching, interest
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Freedom of Speech in Social Media Toward Contempt for Royal Institutions; A Conceptual Study
1Siti Sara Ibrahim*, 1Wan Admiza Wan Hassan, 1Masitah Ahmad, 2Mumtaz Ahmad, 3Abdul Halim Ramli, 4Abd Halim Mohd Noor
1Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Rembau
2Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Kuala Pilah
3Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Seremban
4Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Melaka, Kampus Alor Gajah
ABSTRACT - Social media is currently emerging as the main medium of communication technology not only connecting people around the world but as well enables everyone to remain informed about current global issues. Therefore, the existence of social media is now an importance in the process of information delivery in society. However, communication technology has resulted in both positive and negative effects. From one point, the use of social media brings huge advantages as the user may be connected and gather current and latest information. Meanwhile, inability to utilize it shrewdly, notwithstanding, can prompt adverse consequences and bring negative impact to the society. Social media for example has provided an open space for a freedom of speech that is often done in a harsh manner when the user failed to use it wisely. With regards to the Royal Institution in Malaysia, the freedom of speech in social media to communicate individual and public feelings has driven numerous people to dismiss convention and to contempt to the Rulers. There are individuals who do not understand and do not appreciate the history of the formation of the Royal Institution, the Constitutional Monarchy, and the concept of the Pillars of the Nation. As a result of their lack of knowledge on this matter and lack of respect, then there will be the issue of insult to The King, Sultan, and his relatives in social media. These groups try to express their latent opinions using social media as a medium and channels. Responding to this issue, the study is done to conceptually examine how the freedom of speech in social media has impacted to the contempt to our Royal Institution. This study is significantly important to understand the effect of freedom of speech in social media toward our Royal Institution that will reflect the personality of a Malaysian.
Key Words: Freedom of Speech, Social Media, Contempt of Royal Institution
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An Exploratory Factor Analysis of Interpersonal Communication Skills Among University Students
1Hazlina Mohd Padil, 2Suhaimi Abd Samad,
2Aiman Amirah Othman, 2Siti Nurafiqah Mohd Jaafar
1Faculty of Law, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Negeri Sembilan,
Kampus Seremban, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
2Faculty of Administrative Science and Policy Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Seremban, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
ABSTRACT - Interpersonal communication skills are important to be acquired by students as part of the core competencies to prepare themselves before graduated from university. It is ranked as the first priority expected by the industries from the graduates. Interpersonal skills mould the way of communication between individuals in the social system like family, friends, community and workplace. This paper attempted to identify the factors that influence the interpersonal communication among students of Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Seremban Campus. A total of 206 students involved in this study by responding to the online survey questionnaire that included items on interpersonal communication, social media, family and friends. An exploratory factor analysis of 29 items was extracted as four factors to identify the items relevant for the study which will be the measurement instrument for further analysis. The results and finding of this study provide validated and reliable variables for testing factors influencing the interpersonal communication among students.
Keywords: exploratory factor analysis, interpersonal communication, social media, family, friends.
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Challenges during the Covid-19 Pandemic: Opportunities for Classroom Innovations
Tuan Sarifah Aini Syed Ahmad
Akademi Pengajian Bahasa
Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Negeri Sembilan
Kampus Seremban, 70300 Seremban
Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
ABSTRACT - The COVID-19 pandemic has suddenly changed the education landscape around the world. The immediate closure of learning institutions has made teaching and learning to be fully implemented virtually. Thus, online learning replaces face-to-face instruction during the COVID-19 pandemic. There are numerous challenges caused by this drastic shift of teaching and learning approach. The challenges may open various opportunities for classroom innovations in order to make the delivery of instruction on the virtual platform more effective. As a result, this situation has also provided research and publication opportunities. This paper aims to describe to describe the opportunities and the instructional design models which can be applied for classroom innovations.
Keywords: classroom innovations, instructional design models, COVID-19, design and development
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Study on Copper Pillar Bump in Flip Chip Technology using Computational Fluid Dynamics
1Lee Jing Rou, 1Mohd Sharizal Abdul Aziz, 2M.H.H. Ishak
1School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, Penang.
2School of Aerospace Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, Penang.
ABSTRACT - In flip-chip technology, the solder bump flip-chip bonding is the most common bonding used to provide electrical connections and mechanical supports to the assembly. However, due to the rising demand from the emerging market economies, there is a growing need for fine pitch flip-chip technology to fulfill the future demands. This is because the electronic devices which are thin, fast, light, and powerful are more preferable in the electronic market. The demand for smaller chip and interconnection joints causes the bottleneck of the conventional flip-chip technology. Therefore, a copper (Cu) pillar bump with a solder cap which can offer numerous advantages over the conventional solder bump is proposed to replace it. In this study, the conventional solder bump and Cu pillar bump models are developed to investigate their differences using the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Both the solder and Cu pillar bumps are modelled in ANSYS Fluent software, and the temperature distributions during the solder reflowing process are simulated. The simulation results indicate that the heat transfer of assembly with interconnections of Cu pillar bumps in the reflow oven is better than conventional solder bumps.
Key Words: Flip Technology, Reflow soldering, Copper Pillar Bump, Surface Mount Technology, Computational Fluid Dynamics
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Investigation on the Thermal Performance of Bus Duct Conductor using Computational Fluid Dynamics.
Mark Selvan, Mohd Sharizal Abdul Aziz, Yu Kok Hwa
School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, Penang, Malaysia
ABSTRACT - A conductor is the current carrying component in electric power distribution or bus duct. For material efficiency and cost competitiveness, global brand bus duct offers lower conductor size to carry the same rating current. As the conductor constitute close to 80% of the total cost of bus duct, local bus duct manufacturer must find a way to reduce the conductor size in order to carry the same current rating by improving heat dissipation, decrease contact resistance and improve the current carrying capacity. Carrying out experimental test can be increasingly costly and time consuming. The most cost-effective method is to develop a simulation model which can be used to investigate the thermal performance of the bus duct.
Key Words: Computational fluid dynamics
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An Insight to the Framework Development of Fashion Consciousness in Modest Fashion Industries: A Conceptual paper
Farrah Nadia Baharuddin, Aini Hayati Musa, Alia Nadira Rosle, Siti Sara Ibrahim & Mumtaz Ahmad
Universiti Teknologi MARA Negeri Sembilan
ABSTRACT - This paper aims to propose a conceptual framework to study the underlying relationships among the influence factors of fashion consciousness in modest fashion industries. Modest fashion industries have escalated rapidly in the past few years, leading to the growing intense competition among modest fashion brands. Obviously, it has become became the main challenge for companies to maintain relevance in the fashion industry. Thus, the study provides a fruitful understanding of Muslim women consumer involvement in fashion consciousness related to modest fashion industries to spur ideas for managers as well as marketers to serve this market segment. This study investigates the motives behind the relationship of three variables that affect fashion consciousness, namely, fashion uniqueness, fashion knowledge and celebrity endorsement.
Key Words: Fashion uniqueness, fashion knowledge, celebrity endorsement, fashion consciousness, modest fashion.
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Personal Perception Towards Majoring in Accounting Among Accounting and Non-Accounting Students: Are There Any Differences?
Ida Haryanti Binti Mohd Noor
Universiti Teknologi MARA Negeri Sembilan (Seremban Campus)
ABSTRACT - Accounting has always been associated with numbers cruncher, thus, commonly perceived as difficult course. These negative perceptions have contributed in the declining number of students majoring in accounting. Previous research also indicated that accounting enrolment has declined since most of the students are more likely to further their study in new and exciting field such like business, hotel and tourism. Furthermore, they perceived that other programs such like business programs are more easy compare to accounting programs. Nevertheless, there are also several factors that lead students in applying accounting course as evidenced in prior studies. The aim of the study was to analyse factors in terms of personal perception that affect accounting and non-accounting students’ decision in choosing accounting as their major. The study also investigates the significant differences in term of personal perception among the students. Overall, the study found that factors like personal perception did affect the students’ decision to choose accounting as their major.
Key Words: Accounting, Education
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Open Educational Resources to Support Effective ODL Delivery: A Conceptual Review
Nurain Farahana Zainal Abidin, Masrul Hayati Kamarulzaman, Asma’ Rashidah Idris, Sharifah Nazura Syed Noh, Aini Hayati Musa, Farrah Nadia Baharuddin, Siti Sara Ibrahim & Alia Nadira Rosle
Universiti Teknologi MARA Negeri Sembilan
ABSTRACT - Online Distance Learning (ODL) is seen as an alternative method in higher educational setting moving towards a new normal life practices due to this global COVID-19 pandemic. This approach provides students the opportunity and flexibility in learning activities including to work on their assignments and continuous assessments at their own pace. However, does ODL has effectively delivered to the students at Higher Learning Institution (HLI)? Open Educational Resources (OER) include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge. OER is suggested to assist the ODL delivery because it is accessible through the internet and allowing others to modify it for new uses. OER have make a change to the way educators use, share, and improve educational resources and knowledge by making them open and freely available and create “culture of openness”. Students can utilize the OER as references and enable them to accomplish their projects. Therefore, the study is done to conceptually discuss the overview of OER and its roles to support ODL activities through the benefits that students may gathers from this OER. Aside that, the study discusses the challenges of implementing OER as the adaptation of OER requires new skills in which the educators needs more than basic ICT skills in order to revising online resources. Other than that, many educators feel it is wrong to use other people’s work and they protect rather than share their own resources. This study is significantly important to the HLE for establish and sourcing the appropriate OER because there is no one stop centre that accumulate the OER across the internet. Ministry of higher education can issue a grant to the HLE’s institution to begin a proper centre for OER as it will benefit students in ODL.
Key Words: Open Educational Resources (OER), Online Distance Learning (ODL), Instructional Materials, Teaching and Learning
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