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Community-Based Participation Intervention to Enhancing Knowledge and Attitudes of Preparedness Rabies Cadres in Rabies Control in Sukabumi District
Fitri Hidayati1, Etih Sudarnika2, Hadri Latif2, Denny Widaya Lukman2, Yusuf Ridwan2, Abdul Zahid2 and Ardilasunu Wicaksono2
1Veterinary Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University
2Departement of Animal Infectious, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University
ABSTRACT - Rabies is a priority zoonosis to be controlled in Indonesia. One of rabies control strategy in Jampang Tengah sub-district, Sukabumi Regency was to establish preparedness rabies cadres (KASIRA). KASIRA is the spearhead of rabies control in every village. One of the roles of KASIRA intervened posyandu cadres and the community so that the dissemination of information on rabies cauld be fast and reach a wide area. KASIRA was intervened by an expert’s team. Lecture method and demonstration combined with a power point slide was used in this intervened. This research was conducted to measure the level of knowledge and attitude of KASIRA before and after intervention and to analysis the relationship of cadre characteristics with knowledge level and attitude. This study used a quasiexperimental design with one group pretest and posttest design. Primary data were collected from 44 KASIRA from Jampang Tengah sub-district. The data were analyzed by sign test and chi square. The results of this study showed that there was a significant difference between knowledge level and attitude of KASIRA before and after intervention (p=0.004 knowledge, p=0.008 attitude). The level of education and element had a significant relationship with the knowledge level (P=0.001, P=0.014). Age had a significant relationship with attitude level (P=0.045). Conclusion: Learning intervention activities succeeded in enhancing KASIRA's knowledge and attitude significantly. It was needed sustained intervention to improve KASIRA performance so that the target of rabies free Indonesia in 2020 can be achieved.
Keywords: intervention, knowledge and attitude, preparedness rabies cadres
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Homelessness in the Rich Urban: Factors and Aspirations
Md Rosli Ismail and Hajah Khatipah Abdul Ghani
Faculty of Education and Social Sciences, University of Selangor (UNISEL), Malaysia
ABSTRACT - Civilisation as well as modernisation has long affected all aspects of our lives – the young, the old alike; socially, economically, culturally and spiritually. It severely affects the homelessness people globally. Homelessness is about more than rooflessness. A home is not just a physical space: it provides roots, identity, security, a sense of belonging and a place of emotional wellbeing. This study breaks down the causes of homelessness into individual factors such as drug and alcohol misuse; lack of social support; family background, including family breakdown and disputes; and battered women. This study also includes assistance or help rendered by the public to these homeless people who transit for a week or two at the Kuala Lumpur Homeless Transit Centre (KLHTC) known as “Pusat Transit Gelandangan Kuala Lumpur” in the metropolitan city Kuala Lumpur. This research attempts to answer two research questions: (i) what are the factors that lead to homelessness? and (ii) what are their aspirations and hopes for the future? The objectives of this study are to highlight the actual causes of homelessness and what constitute homelessness in Kuala Lumpur. The conceptual framework is derived from theories of Structural-Functionalism (Durkheim, 1938). A purposive sampling was used to select the six (n=6) key informants for in-depth interviews, besides personal observations. These targeted key informants come from various backgrounds and several obstacles were encountered because they were very reluctant to be interviewed. The study revealed that social issues such as unemployment, broken family, social conflicts and deviances are some of major factors. Nevertheless, it also unveils that there are still noble people in the rich urban who care about homeless people despite their ethnicity and backgrounds.
Key Words: homelessness, rooflessness, anomie, deviances, transit.
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Characteristics of Solid Metal Using Underground Explosion Pressing
Rafika Norhidayu Rosdi1, Nurain Abdul Latheef1, Nor Azmaliana Azmi1, Ahmad Humaizi Hilmi1 and Arifin Ismail2
1School of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02600 Arau Perlis, Malaysia
2Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Sg. Besi, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
ABSTRACT - This paper presents the results of an experimental study aim for enhancing the understanding of some characteristics of solid metal using pressing method within a confined underground area. For that purpose, pressing will be done using different weight of explosive (Emulex). Significance of this research is knowledge about characteristics of solid metal at such heavy duty press and it will open up a new prospect to use explosive as an economical way. The objectives of the research is to investigate the characteristics of solid metal by underground explosive test. The effect of the explosive charge on the pressure distribution along the compacted specimen of solid metal which is placed in the mold of Underground Explosion Pressing apparatus. The plunger is place on the solid metal and the explosive material (Emulex in conical shaped charge) was placed directly on the upper base of plunger before buried all the apparatus underground. Once exploded, force generated from explosive cause the plunger to press the solid metal. The amount of explosive used are 500g and 750g. The microstructure of solid metal is analysed using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) while the hardness of specimens is tested using Rockwell Digital Hardness and the decrement thickness of specimen also been observed. As a conclusion from this research, the method for Underground Explosion Pressing is suitable for pressing the solid metal.
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An Overview of Limitations Related to Constructions Safety Measures and Performance in New Zealand
Norlin Binti Ibrahim
Politeknik Kota Bharu, Km. 24 Kok Lanas, Ketereh 16450 Kelantan, Malaysia
ABSTRACT - The construction industry is amongst the feasible investment that just as promising as other sectors such as fishery, mining, manufacturing, forestry, and agriculture. In New Zealand, construction emerged as the fifth significant sector and offer employment for more than 7.6% of the national workforces in 2013, which is 30% higher compared to 2002. The establishment of ‘National Action Agenda 2010-2013’ is a continuity approach to meet the ‘Workplace Health and Safety Strategy for New Zealand to 2015’. These milestones are aligned to achieve a greater goal by the year 2020, where the government targeted 25% reduction of cases and positively by 2023, this country will emerge as one of the safest places to be employed (Department of Labour, 2010). A conceptual modeling by Dumrak et al (2013) provides guideline to narrow down the secondary data collected and keeps the focus of study. From literature, the key drivers and factors contributed to health and safety performance is identified. By analyzing the common injuries reported, the clue towards barriers to safety measure strategy should be expected. Essentially, the limitations related to safety measures are revealed thus minimizing the obstruction in achieving the national objective.
Key Words: Construction accidents, Workplace injury, Safety measures
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Community Diagnosis and Health Management of Migrant Workers in Camps: Participatory Action Research
Sukhon Chaichana1, Pitchaya Pakthongsuk2 and Jawanit Kittitornkoo3
1Faculty of Environmental Management Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand 2Faculty of Medicine Department of Community Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand 3Marine and Coastal Resources Institute Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand
ABSTRACT - The purposes of this study were to community diagnosis and to establish a guideline for health management of migrant workers in the camp by participatory action research from public, private and worker sectors. The sample was selected from 340 migrant workers in a factory camp in the southern part of Thailand, a systematic sampling method and sixteen working groups from two public, six private people and eight migrant workers. Potential development tool the working group is a workshop. Advanced tools to community diagnosis survey based on a set of health index six of forty nine indicator steps written program/projects/evaluation. Questionnaire results the knowledge, attitude, practice, participate and barriers to waste management. Content validity of the developed test was verified by the item-objective congruency index (IOC=1). Its reliability was verified by calculation of Kuder-Richardson 20 (K-R20). The results were compared to learning pre-post after the development of the potential customer satisfaction and engagement. T-test was used for data analysis. The results of the study were as follows: 1) Community diagnosis was found that the health problems of migrant workers have 25 indicators that compared with standard in Thai people. 2) The problem of the community diagnosis was waste management. 3) Working groups guidelines on the management of waste in camp three plan and six projects. 4)The results were to make a comparison between before and after the development of the potential form the community diagnosis and the written program/projects/evaluation found that the working group on an average scores to post the trainee more than pre the trainee was statistically significant at 0.05 levels.
Keywords: migrant workers, Participatory action research, public sector, private sector, worker sector, Community diagnosis
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An Innovative Initial Assessment for Community Health Nurse to Conquer Depression in Elderly Who Loss of Spouse by Empowering Community Health Cadres
Ni Luh Dwi Indrayani and Widyatuti
Faculty of Nursing Science, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia,
ABSTRACT - High quality of life is one of indicators country classified as developed country. Education moreover life expectancy has become prominent to support. Depression tends to cover with physical complaints so it is hardly enough to detect. One of depression predispositions is caused by loss of spouse that reduces elderly’s quality of life. Unidentified depression in elderly caused decreasing of life expectancy due to incident of suicide. The descriptive correlative method was used with cross sectional approach. Involving sample were 80 elderly in Depok, Indonesia with stratified random sampling. The research instrument used Geriatric Depression scale to measure the level of depression. The result of Mann Whitney Test proved a significant relationship between loss of spouse and level of depression in elderly, p value shows 0.007 α < 0.05. Conducting an innovative initial assessment module for community health nurse (CHN) is a need. One of the best solutions to uphold that CHN innovation for elderly is by empowering community health cadres to approach families in order to prevent depression. Besides, it engages cadres to make events in elderly group who losing spouse in collaborating with CHN.
Keywords: CHN, depression, elderly, empowering cadres, GDS, loss of spouse
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The Progress of the Freedom of Speech in Malaysia’s Political Trajectories: A Review
Aria Hajjafari, Wan Asna Wan Mohd. Nor and Faridah Jaafar
Political Science Section, School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia;
ABSTRACT - This article reviews and attempts to understand the progress of the freedom of speech, through the analysis of the series of political events in different eras, and also to describe the impact of freedom of speech on Malaysian society. This article describes the Pre-Colonial and British Colonialist Era and the most important moments and events as watershed moments in Post-Independence Era, and significantly Internet Era which has changed and improved the lives of Malaysian people Socio-politically.
Key Words: Freedom of speech, Pre-Colonial Malay Sultanate, British Colonialist Era, PostIndependence Era, Internet Era
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